Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 8, AUGUST 1996
GENERAL INTEREST AND POLICY
Climate Change and Human Health, World Health Org., World
Meteorol. Org., U.N Environ. Prog., approx. 300 pp., July 1996, $27 (WHO). (See
News, this Digest issue--Aug. 1996.)
World Resources 1996-97, 384 pp., $24.95, May 1996 (WRI).
Published in conjunction with the book is The World Resources 1996-97
Database Diskette, 3.5" high density, IBM compatible, $99.95.
Part I of this edition focuses on the urban environment. Part II looks at
global conditions and trends, and includes these chapters: "Energy and
Materials" and "Atmosphere and Climate." The diskette includes
access to all statistics in the print edition, plus 20-year time series for many
Climate of Hope: New Strategies for Stabilizing the World's
Atmosphere (Worldwatch Paper 130), C. Flavin, O. Tunali, 84 pp., June 1996,
Recent weather extremes that have reduced harvests in China and the U.S.,
and record worldwide weather-related disasters demonstrate how vulnerable we are
to even minor climatic shifts. Although stabilizing climate will require
overhauling our energy and transport systems, recent innovations hold promise,
and the path to a low-carbon energy system is described.
Climate Change, Economic Instruments and Income Distribution, 68
pp., 1996, $19/FF100/DM28 (OECD).
Explores the distributive implications of two economic instruments to combat
global warming: carbon taxes and tradeable emission permits. Considers how
global warming affects different countries and regions, and shows who stands to
gain or lose from greenhouse gas reduction policies. Presents results for
different income groups, economic sectors and geographical regions, and
discusses options for mitigating or compensating the adverse effects of carbon
taxes or trading programs. Recommends relatively low carbon taxes and trading
programs, coordinated internationally but applied on a country-by-country basis.
Statement on the Status of the Global Climate 1995, World Meteor.
Organization, Apr. 1996 (WMO). No charge; also on the Internet at
The globally averaged surface temperature for 1995 was 0.4° C above
the 1961-1990 average, making it the highest since records were first kept in
1861. The temperature calculation is based on observations from both land and
sea-surface and confirms preliminary temperature data released earlier this
year. Provisional data indicates that atmospheric CO2 and CH4 concentrations
increased at rates in line with their recent historical trends.
OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: United States, 200 pp.,
Feb 1996, $35 (OECD).
Evaluates progress in areas like reducing the pollution burden, integrating
environmental and economic policies, and strengthening international
cooperation. Includes economic and environmental data.
Implementation Strategies for Environmental Taxes, 150 pp., Feb.
1996, $46 (OECD).
Looks at eco-taxes: their design, impacts on income distribution and on
international trade, and the use of revenue generated. Presents considerations
for their successful implementation.
The Electricity-Society Connection. A Forum of the Electric Power
Research Institute (EPRI TR-105485), W.H. Esselman, J.M. Hollander, T.R.
Schneider, 60 pp., Dec. 1995, $200 to EPRI nonmembers (EPRI).
From a workshop (Feb. 1994, Carmel, Calif.) that looked at historic and
future paradigms linking electricity and society and developed new insights and
research directions on this connection. These are among the key points that
emerged: global electrification offers potential economic and environmental
benefits if innovations can be rapidly transferred from the developed to the
developing world; beneficial electrification opportunities could double the
savings in energy use and double the reductions in CO2 and other emissions;
utilities and society need a strategic framework for judging the value of
electricity for its economic, environmental and societal attributes.
Policy Hits the Ground: Participation and Equity in Environmental
Policy Making, A.E. Zazueta, 60 pp., 1995, $14.95 (WRI; Earthscan, outside
U.S.). Previously announced as A Matter of Interest: Environment, Equity and
Participation in Policymaking.
Public participation is crucial to achieving environmental sustainable
development. This report provides operational concepts, methodological
guidelines and real-world examples for promoting stakeholder participation in
environmental policy making in the developing world.
Water Vapor in the Climate System, 1996, $4 (AGU).
A brief overview, written for the general public, of a 1994 Chapman
conference. Stresses the important roles of water vapor as a greenhouse gas and
as a component of the global hydrological cycle.
The following are conference papers from ABARE. Each costs Aust$10.
Analyzing energy Efficiency Trends in the Manufacturing Sector of Ten
OECD Countries (CP 95.24), 1995.
Modeling the Impact of OECD Carbon Taxes with the MEGABARE Model (CP
International Climate Change Policy Instruments and Policy Assessment
Under Uncertainty (CP 94.36), 1994.
International Greenhouse-Economic Modeling (CP 94.35), 1994.
Meeting Greenhouse Targets in Australia: Implications for Coal Use
A Dynamic Game Approach to Greenhouse Policy. More Numerical Results
(CP 94.13), 1994.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations