February 28, 2007
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Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1996
Ecosystems in Africa," E.N. Kairu, Tiempo, pp. 1-7, Dec. 1995.
Published by the Intl. Inst. for Environ. & Development and the Sch.
Environ. Sci. (attn. Mike Kelly), Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.
Describes the locations and types of coral reefs along the African coasts
and the sea life they support. Threats to their health include high temperature
episodes, tourism, and inappropriate fishing. In times of stress, healthy coral
reefs are more likely to maintain themselves better than damaged ones; this is
particularly relevant for coastlines that risk being flooded from sea level
rise. Discusses the few achievements in coral reef conservation in Africa.
"Sea Level Change
in Vietnam," N.N. Thuy," ibid., pp. 19-20. Describes research
on recent changes in sea level and the potential impacts of future trends.
Awash in a Sea of Troubles," A. Acharya, World Watch, pp. 24-33,
The world's islands contain enormous ecological variety and valuable
fisheries. Despite differences in ecology and culture, island nations face
increasing threats from over fishing, tourism, development and pollution. They
also face threats from global warming through sea level rise, loss of biological
diversity, and an increase in extreme climatic events like hurricanes.
Initiatives being taken by island nations include the Alliance of Small Island
States, formed at the Second World Climate Conference.
"Climate and the
Emergence and Spread of Infectious Diseases," S.S. Unninayar, W. Sprigg,
Eos, pp. 478, 481, Nov. 21, 1995.
Discusses several observations about diseases worldwide, noting that the
issue was the subject of a special session at the 1995 Fall Meeting of
the American Geophysical Union.
Grows of Perils of Urban Summer Hot Spells," Climate Alert, pp. 1,
6, July-Aug.-Sep. 1995. Available from the Climate Institute, 324 Fourth St. NE,
Washington DC 20002.
Discusses the increased mortality resulting from heat waves like those
experienced in the summer of 1995. If global warming occurs, decreased mortality
in warmer winters would not compensate for the increased mortality from hotter
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