February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1996
"The 19th Century Discussion of Climate Variability and Climate
Change: Analogies for the Present Debate?" N. Stehr (Dept. Sociol., Univ.
Alberta, Edmonton AB T6G 2H4, Can.), H. von Storch, M. Flügel, World
Resour. Rev., 7(4), 589-604, Dec. 1995.
About 100 years ago, geographers, meteorologists and climatologists were
concerned with the notion of climate variability, and anthropogenic climate
change due, for instance, to deforestation and reforestation. These discussions,
which led to the formation of national governmental and parliamentary
committees, are not merely of historic interest: they represent a significant
social and intellectual analogy for the present situation. Past and now
neglected arguments may prove important for methodological, theoretical, and
"Serving Science and Society: Lessons from Large-Scale Atmospheric
Science Programs," R.A. Pielke Jr. (ESIG, NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO
80307), M.H. Glantz, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76(12),
2445-2458, Dec. 1995.
Discusses the marketing of large-scale atmospheric science programs, within
the scientific community as well as to the U.S. federal government, using as
examples global change, weather modification, and mesoscale meteorology.
Analyzes criteria for successful marketing and shows that global change has met
the criteria better than the other two areas, leading to greater success in the
political process. Concludes that marketing does make a difference, and it is an
unavoidable process since scientists must compete for limited federal funds. But
the successful selling of science projects brings the risk of overselling;
policy makers often go along with this, preferring to avoid difficult decisions
and placing the onus of problem solving on science. Scientists promoting
programs that promise societal benefits need to consider how program research
will result in such benefits, as an integral part of the program's research.
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