February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1996
BOOKS AND PROCEEDINGS...
GENERAL, POLICY, AND ECONOMICS
State of the World1996, L.R. Brown, J. Abramovitz et al.,
249 pp., $US11.95/$Can.15.99, 1996 (Norton). Published in 27 languages.
The 13th annual Worldwatch Institute report. Argues that governments should
gradually phase in comprehensive environmental tax codes that force markets to
reflect more clearly the true costs of products or services, and eliminate
massive subsidies for destructive activities, such as mining, overfishing and
fossil fuel burning. This would result in annual cuts in personal and corporate
income taxes of $1 trillion. Environmental data and now economic data (rising
seafood prices, falling grain stocks and health costs from air pollution)
support this basic change in fiscal policy. Several chapters relate directly or
indirectly to climate change; topics include the risks of climate change,
sustainable water strategy, threat of bioinvasions, preserving agricultural
Climate Change ResearchEvaluations and Policy Implications.
Proceedings of the International Climate Change Research Conference
[Maastricht, Neth.; Dec. 1994], S. Zwerver, R.S.A.R. Rompaey et al, Eds., 1504
pp., 1995, $306.25/Dfl.490 (Elsevier).
The conference, with presentations from many countries, concluded a program
organized in the Netherlands to stimulate Dutch scientists to participate in
international research on climate change. Includes keynote addresses, the Dutch
National Research Program's assessment reports and papers, impacts and
consequences of climate change, sustainable solutions, and integration of
climate change research.
Climate Since A.D. 1500 (revised ed.), R.S. Bradley, P.D. Jones,
Eds., 706 pp., 1995, £25 (Routledge).
Reviewed by S. Gregory (Intl. J. Clim., 15, 1059, 1995), who
states that the volume has become a standard reference since the 1992 first
edition. A chapter has been added that reviews more recent work relating to the
book's theme. It includes ice-core and tree-ring analyses, coral records,
forcing factors, GCM evaluations, and estimates of temperature change. Even with
the length of Northern Hemisphere summer temperature records (1500 a.d. to the
present), it is still possible to interpret recent warmth as the result of
either anthropogenic greenhouse-gas-induced climate change, or natural
fluctuations around a low frequency variation with a periodicity of about 1000
The Conscience of the World: The Influence of Nongovernmental
Organizations at the United Nations, P. Willetts, Ed., 300 pp., Jan. 1996,
$44.95 hbk./$19.95 pbk. (Brookings).
Since the founding of the United Nations, NGOs have had a formal
consultative status and have come to exert considerable influence in the UN's
activities. This book examines their role in world politics and the
accomplishments of selected groups dealing with issues including the
Global Environmental Science Update, Vol. I and Vol. II, 1995,
each $75 North America/$85 elsewhere (Cutter).
A collection of interpretive summaries of studies on climate change,
stratospheric ozone depletion and other global environmental issues, that have
appeared in Global Environ. Change Rep. in 1993 (Vol. I) and in 1994
(Vol. II). Written for the nonspecialist.
The Global Commons: A Regime Analysis, J. Vogler, 233 pp., 1995,
Applies "regime theory" to examine how areas that are beyond
national control (the atmosphere, oceans, Antarctica, outer space) can be
effectively sustained through international cooperation. Provides a critical
review and synthesis of regime concepts and how to use them. Includes recent
developments in protection of the stratospheric ozone layer and formulation of a
climate change regime.
Valuing the Environment: Economic Approaches to Environmental
Evaluation, A. Coker, C. Richards, Eds., 183 pp., Jan. 1996, $34.95 pbk.
Originated in a workshop (May 1990, Middlesex, U.K.), conducted by the Flood
Hazard Research Center, that brought together economists and ecologists working
in the field of coastal management. Many of the papers apply broadly to the
topic of environmental valuation. First published in 1992 by Belhaven Press.
Economic Theory for Environmentalists, J.M. Gowdy, S. O'Hara, 208
pp., 1995, $39.95 (St. Lucie).
Puts theory into practice for environmentalists, using case studies and
examples of regional and international issues. Examines the implications of
neoclassical economic theory and how it relates to the environment and
environmental activity. Addresses the ongoing conflict between market forces and
environmental integrity and explains how neoclassical economic theory views the
relationship between economic activity and the natural world.
Stratospheric Ozone, K.P. Bowman, Ed., 1994, $49.95 (Lenticular).
A CD-ROM developed with an educational audience in mind. Reviewed by J.L.
Stanford (Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 1227-1228, July 1995), who found
it enjoyable and useful and expects it to be a valuable resource for educators
at levels from high school to graduate. Contains an overview of ozone and the
issues related to its depletion, total ozone data, maps, glossary, and other
A Moment on the Earth: The Coming of Age of Environmental Optimism,
G. Easterbrook, 1995, $27.95 (Viking).
Argues that the observed condition of the western world shows that
human-caused problems, including global warming, are small in scale and moving
toward solution. Criticizes environmentalists and some scientists for preaching
despair in the face of profound success. The book has sparked considerable
debate, some of which has been featured recently in Environ. Sci. &
Technol. (pp. 366A-369A, Aug. 1995), which contains comments on the book by
former EPA Administrator William K. Reilly, science writer Philip Shabecoff, and
health researcher and policy advisor Devra Lee Davis. World Watch (pp.
5-7, Sep.-Oct. 1995), published by the Worldwatch Insitute of Washington, D.C.,
also has comments by four environmental writers.
Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather, S.H. Schneider, Ed., 800 pp.
(in two volumes), 1995, $195 ($155 before Mar. 15) (Oxford).
Offers over 300 accessible, alphabetically arranged entries of the
essentials of meteorology and climatology, with over 400 photographs, charts and
illustrations. Also addresses many ecological and environmental issues of
concern, together with their policy ramifications, including global warming,
deforestation, and the ozone hole.
Readings from The Environmental Professional: The National
Environmental Policy Act, J. Lemons, Ed., 203 pp., 1995, $24.95 pbk.
A collection of reviewed articles originally published in The
Environmental Professional. Includes two 1991 articles on climate change: "Addressing
Global Climate Change in NEPA Reviews" by J.C. Montgomery et al; and "Global
Climate Change: What Revisions to Environmental Assessment Processes Will
Mitigating Strategies Require?" by R.L. Perrine et al.
The Global Casino: An Introduction to Environmental Issues, N.
Middleton, 344 pp., 1995, £40 hbk./£15.99 pbk. (Arnold).
An introduction dealing with the working of the physical environment as well
as the political, economic and social frameworks of these environmental issues.
Includes in-depth analyses of 18 major issues, highlighting areas of controversy
Reviews of Previous Entries: General, Policy, and Economics
Responding to Global Warming: The Technology, Economics and Politics
of Sustainable Energy, P. Read, 256 pp., 1994, £36.95 (Zed Books).
Reviewed by M. Willingham (Natural Resour. Forum, pp. 168-170, May
1995), who calls the book interesting and provocative. One of the key elements
of the author's analysis is the concept of the tradeable absorption obligation
(TAO). Energy sellers would be required to absorb a portion of the carbon
released into the atmosphere. Unlike market-based tradeable emissions, TAOs
would be imposed by regulation.
Managing the Global CommonsThe Economics of Climate Change,
W.D. Nordhaus, 213 pp., Dec. 1994, $32.50 (MIT). (Previous Digest entry
in Books/Economics and law, Mar. 1995.)
Reviewed by M. Radetzki (Energy J., pp. 132-135, 1995). This is the
second comprehensive economic analysis of the subject to be published, following
that of Cline (1992). Nordhaus argues convincingly for a much higher discount
rate than Cline uses (6% vs. 1.5%) for estimating the present value of costs and
An Introduction to Global Environmental Issues, K.T. Pickering,
L.A. Owen, 380 pp., 1994, $89.95 hbk./$29.95 pbk. (Routledge). (Previous Digest
entry in Books/General Interest, Oct. 1994.)
Reviewed by A.A. Mannion (Prog. Phys. Geog., pp. 572-573, Dec.
1995). The reviewer finds it difficult to envisage the raison d'etre for
this book, of either the authors or the publishers, and cites several other more
worthy candidates for consideration. He feels book does not contain any original
material or even a novel synthesis; it is not intellectually imaginative, but
Land Use and the Causes of Global Warming, W.N. Adger, K. Brown,
280 pp., Oct. 1994, $60/£37.50 (Wiley). (Previous Digest entry in
Books/General Interest, Oct. 1994.)
Reviewed by S.J. Cowell (Global Environ. Change, p. 161, May 1995),
who provides a summary and points out several strengths of the book, but comment
that it attempts to cover much ground in limited detail. It will be most useful
for specialists and graduate students.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations