February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 7, JULY 1996
BOOKS AND PROCEEDINGS...
GENERAL INTEREST & POLICY
Yearbook 1996, 368 pp., 1996, $55/£35 (Oxford). Prior volumes (1992
through 1995) are also available separately, or for a reduced price if ordered
with the 1996 edition.
This is the fifth annual yearbook of international cooperation on
environment and development, from the Fridtjof Nansen Institute. The "Evaluation
Section" looks at the Montreal Protocol and other international agreements,
protection of the marine environment, the environmental organization Greenpeace,
and integration of environmental concerns with development assistance. The "Reference
Section" systematically lists key data on the most important agreements on
environment and development. New features in this section are country profiles
that summarize the performance, main commitments and objectives of 13 OECD
countries, as well as Internet sources.
Climate Change: Assessments and Issues, J.B. Smith, N. Bhatti et al., 475
pp., 1996, $99.95 (Springer).
Addresses measures that can be taken to anticipate the effects of climate
change and how governments, institutions and individuals can prepare. Adaptation
measures are discussed for agriculture, water and coastal resources, forests and
wildlife, fisheries, and human settlements.
for Environmentalists, J.M. Gowdy, S. O'Hara, 1995, $39.95 + shipping (St.
Examines the implications of neoclassical economic theory and how it relates
to the environment. Addresses the conflict between market forces and
environmental integrity and explains how neoclassical economic theory views the
relationship between economic activity and the natural world. Examples
illustrate regional and international policy questions.
Eco-fiction: Understanding the Environmental Debate, W.H. Baarschers, May
1996, £45 hbk./£14.99 pbk. (Routledge).
The publisher's promotion quotes James Lovelock, "...Baarschers'
philosophy offers cool common sense as an antidote to the fevered protests of
the green lobbyists and the special pleading of their industrial opponents."
Transition: The Way Towards Solving Global Environmental Problems, German
Panel on Global Environmental Change, Oct. 1995. Available from German Environ.
Ministry, POB 120629, D-53048, Bonn, Ger. (tel: 49 228 305 2015; fax: 49 228 305
Calls for the World Trade Organization to assume a global environmental
police function, and to avoid global warming, for global CO2
emissions to be reduced by 1% per year for more than 15 years. Also recommends
that the industrial world play a lead role in CO2 emissions
reduction because it accounts for 80% of the world's energy use. International
agreements need to be enacted and strengthened. Calls for joint implementation
by industrialized and developing countries to reduce CO2 emissions.
(See Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 861-862, Nov. 15, 1995.)
Environmental Science Update, Vol. III, 1996, $75 North America/$85
A collection of interpretive summaries of studies on climate change
(observations and trends; modeling and predictions; and sources and sinks), and
ozone depletion, as well as information resources. Taken from material that
appeared in Global Environ. Change Rep. in 1995. Written for
the Environment 2. Interdisciplinary Research on Politics, Planning, Society and
the Environment, 248 pp., Apr. 1995, $63.95/£37.50 (Avebury).
Contains essays from the Second Conference of the Interdisciplinary
Research Network on the Environment and Society (INRES) held in Sheffield,
U.K., Sep. 1993. Included are examinations of: the construction of global
climate models; international politics of the environment in Britain, Ukraine,
Burma, Thailand and Indonesia; planning and sustainability in Japan and Britain.
Environmental Change: An Integrated Modelling Approach, M. den Elzen, 263
pp., £45 pbk. (Jon Carpenter Pub.).
Extensive review by J.A. Edmonds in Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc.,
pp. 789-791, Apr. 1996 Part A. Concerns IMAGE 1Experimental Version 1.6,
one of the earliest integrated assessment models, developed at the Dutch
National Institute of Environmental Health and Protection (RIVM). Documents
methodological advances in this approach, with applications of the techniques of
uncertainty and risk analysis. Includes a chapter on international agreements.
(See review of related book on IMAGE 2.0, below.)
Economics, G. Boero, A. Silberston, Eds., 325 pp., 1995, £50, ISBN
Reviewed by T. Crowards in Intl. J. Environ. Studies, Vol. 50, p.
71, 1996. This is not a comprehensive text, but a compilation of papers on the
topic presented at a 1993 conference of the Confederation of European Economic
Associations. Papers were presented primarily by younger European economists who
focused on narrow issues such as the double dividend of environmental taxation,
carbon emissions reduction, and environmental policy and trade.
Reviews of Previous Entries: General Interest and Policy
Climate Change: The Inside Story of the Rio Convention, I.M. Mintzer, J.A.
Leonard, Eds., 392 pp., 1994, $59.95 hbk./$22.95 pbk. (Cambridge, for Stockholm
Environ. Inst.). (Previous Digest entry in Books/General Interest and
Policy, Mar. 1995.)
Reviewed by D.A. Wirth (Environ. Sci. & Technol., p. 45A, Jan.
1996), who comments that the editors adopt a highly congratulatory view,
characterizing as strengths what many observers consider the convention's flaws,
but finds it nevertheless to be an authoritative source on how the climate
convention came about.
Responses to Climate Change: A Post-Rio Guide, H. Lee, Ed., 324 pp., Apr.
1995, $48/$24.95 pbk. (Island). (Previous Digest
entry in Books/General Interest and Policy, Aug. 1995.)
Reviewed by S. Boehmer-Christiansen (Energy Policy, p. 490, May
1996), who finds that the 14 papers included ignore energy interests as a
political actor, assume uncritically that the environmentalist position is true,
and encourage global technological cooperation that will ensure economic
benefits for the U.S.
1994: Radiative Forcing of Climate and an Evaluation of the IPCC 1992 Emission
Scenarios, J.T. Houghton, L.G.M. Filho et al., Eds., 250 pp., 1995, $47.96
hbk./$19.96 pbk. (Cambridge). (Previous Digest
entry in Books/General and Policy, Oct. 1995.)
Reviewed by B.J. Mason (Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc., pp. 323-324,
Jan. 1996 Part A), who concludes that the small amount of new material the
report adds to the valuable 1990 major IPCC assessment does not justify the
efforts of the dozens of writers and reviewers involved. Their time could have
been better spent reducing outstanding uncertainties.
Climate, and Change, T.E. Graedel, P.J. Crutzen, 196 pp., 1995, $32.95/£19.95
(W.H. Freeman). (Previous Digest entry in Books/General Interest and
Policy, Aug. 1995.)
A review by M.C. MacCracken (Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 986-990,
May 1996), who concludes that the book, a general survey that is part of the
Scientific American Library series, has much of interest for the casual reader.
For generally knowledgeable readers, there are a number of frustrating errors
but they do not diminish the overall value of the book.
Human Impacts on
Weather and Climate, W.R. Cotton, R.A. Pielke, 288 pp., 1995, $64.95
hbk./$24.95 pbk. (Cambridge). (Previous Digest entry in Books/General
and Policy, Oct. 1995.)
Reviewed by S.A. Changnon (Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., p. 132, Jan.
1996), who strongly commends the understandable treatment of the many complex
subjects addressed, and the honesty about the lack of knowledge of atmospheric
scientists, the tendency toward false claims by some atmospheric scientists, and
the often poor management of science.
Change: The Economics of the Greenhouse, S. Fankhauser, 176 pp., 1995, £14.95
(Earthscan). (Previous Digest entry in Books/General Interest and
Policy, June 1996.)
Reviewed by J.C. Burgess (Intl. J. Environ. Studies, Vol. 49, pp.
294-296, 1996), who considers the book a comprehensive state of the art review
of the current literature, addressing in detail the potential costs and benefits
of global warming, at the regional and international levels across a wide range
Integrated Modeling of Global Climate Change, J. Alcamo, Ed., 328 pp., May
1994, $128 (Kluwer). (Previous Digest entry in Books/Earth System
Science, Nov.-Dec. 1994.)
Reviewer D.L. Hartmann (Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 569-570, Mar.
1996) finds the book to be valuable documentation of a significant effort to
develop a model of unprecedented comprehensiveness. (See related new book by den
Elzen, listed above.)
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations