February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1996
Inventory of U.S.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-1994 (EPA 230-R-96-006), Apr. 1996
(EPA/Policy or BNA), or contact the EPA's Natl. Ctr. for Environ. Publications
(fax: 513 489 8695).
Prepared as part of the U.S. obligation under the U.N. Framework Convention
on Climate Change. Emissions of CO2 increased 4% from 1990 to 1994.
Although CO2 emissions dropped in 1991, they have increased since
then because an improved economy led to greater energy generation. Emissions of
CH4 rose 3.8% and those of N2O increased by 10.8%. The
emissions for HFCs and PFCs (both CFC substitutes) increased by 25%.
Report from the
Commission Under Council Decision 93/389/EEC. Second Evaluation of National
Programs Under the Monitoring Mechanism of Community CO2 and Other
Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 1996. Contact Jesper JØrgensen, European
Commission (tel: 32 2 296 8697).
Includes estimates of increases in CO2 emissions in European
Union countries based on three scenarios, which used varied methods of
compilation and assumptions of economic growth. A "conventional wisdom"
estimate, finds that CO2 emissions could increase by up to 5%
between 1990 and 2000, and by even more if energy prices are low or economic
growth accelerates. Emissions have declined in only 3 of 15 member states
(Austria, Germany and the U.K.). The report has prompted criticism of the EU for
lack of progress in curbing CO2 emissions.
Planning for the
Indian Power Sector: Environmental and Development Considerations. Executive
Summary, 20 pp., June 1996 (Conference Board). (The full report contains
nine studies in 365 pages.)
A joint study by Canada and India of India's electricity needs. Projects, as
a "best case," a fourfold increase in carbon dioxide levels in 2021
when compared with 1996 levels. Other scenarios envision as much as an
eight-fold increase. To meet its energy needs, India will need 100,000 to
150,000 MW of generating capacity in the next 15 years, most of which will be
supplied by coal.
Energy Outlook 1996, U.S. Energy Info. Admin., May 1996, no charge (EIA).
Estimates global CO2 emissions will increase 54% over 1990
levels by year 2015; developing countries will account for a disproportionate
share of the rise, which will be fueled mainly by oil consumption. Natural gas
use is expected to grow from 3% to 25% of world energy consumption. Renewable
energy sources will only increase from 8% to 9.2%.
Outlook 1996, U.S. Energy Info. Admin., Jan. 1996, no charge (EIA).
(See News, this Digest issue--June 1996.) Gives projections through
year 2015 of CO2 emissions, use of various types of energy, and
fossil fuel use.
DataCompendium 1995, 306 pp., 1996 $69/DM102/FF350 (OECD).
Published every two years, this book offers internationally comparable
environmental data from OECD countries and parts of Central and Eastern Europe.
The data, including CO2 emissions, show conditions and trends since
1980 from economic activities and responses by administrations, households and
enterprises, and show where progress has or has not been made.
Performance Review. United States, 1996, $35 (OECD).
Covers a broad range of activities, noting that the U.S. remains one of the
most energy-intensive economies in the OECD. Because of its worldwide
prominence, the progress the U.S. makes will have a strong influence on other
OECD countries. Recommends that the U.S. consider higher energy taxes.
Majority Report to
the President by the Policy Dialogue Advisory Committee to Recommend Options for
Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Personal Motor Vehicles, approx 50
pp., Oct. 1995. Available from Air Docket, U.S. EPA, 401 M St. SW, M-1500,
Washington DC 20460; or Sierra Club, 408 C St. NE, Washington DC 20002 (202 547
1141). See News, this Digest issue--June 1996.
Methodologies for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 2nd Ed. (EPA
230-B-95-001), 1995 (EPA/Policy).
Inventories are being compiled, in cooperation with universities and
government agencies, using a standardized methodology.
Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000 and 2010 Passenger Cars, M. Ross, R.
Goodwin et al., 99 pp., 1995, $20 (ACEEE).
Addresses why actual automotive emissions of CO, HC and NOx greatly exceed
the values expected from tighter tailpipe standards. Also identifies
opportunities for substantial emissions reductions and provides recommendations
to regulators and auto makers for realizing these gains through more careful
design of on-board emissions control systems.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations