February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1996
"Hydrogen in a Global Long-Term Perspective," J. Quakernaat
(TNO Inst. Environ. & Energy Technol., POB 342, 7300 AH Apeldoorn, Neth.),
Intl. J. Hydrogen Energy, 20(6), 485-492, June 1995.
For many decades to come, the economic development of developing countries
will depend on the predominant use of relatively cheap fossil fuels. However,
these countries must eventually turn to more energy-efficient technologies. The
transition will require innovative strategies aimed at compensating developing
countries temporarily for their lack of purchasing power and technical
knowledge. Probably a changeover to hydrogen energy will not occur during the
first few decades. Attention will instead focus on energy conservation,
decarbonization of fossil fuels, substitution to natural gas, opening up of flow
energy, biomass production and safe nuclear energy.
"Nuclear Energy, Environmental Problems and the Hydrogen Energy
Economy," J. Rothstein (Dept. Computer & Information Sci., Ohio State
Univ., 2036 Neil Ave., Columbus OH 43210), ibid., 20(4),
275-281, Apr. 1995.
Justifies the transition to a hydrogen energy economy, estimates its costs,
and discusses means to finance it. Concludes that the main obstacles to a
healthy hydrogen-based world are not scientific, technical or economic, but are
due to inertia, ignorance, fear and mistaken narrow interests. There will be
enough time to overcome them if the problems are attacked more energetically.
"Hydrogen and Fossil Fuels," J. Rothstein (Dept. Computer &
Information Sci., Ohio State Univ., 2036 Neil Ave., Columbus OH 43210), ibid.,
Fossil fuels will probably always be needed as a source of chemicals, and
synthetic methane will remain a useful fuel even after oil and natural gas are
exhausted. It is likely that the fossil fuel industry can survive and prosper by
becoming a significant part of the hydrogen energy economy.
Special issue: "Therapy for the Earth," L.O. Williams,
Ed. (4915 Caspian Ct., Orlando FL 32819), Appl. Energy, 47(2-3),
1994. Reviews existing energy production and distribution techniques to show why
they should be replaced, and examines the characteristics of possible
alternatives to determine those most suitable for sustainability. Combines the
best technologies into an energy system that will provide plentiful energy for
hundreds of years without damage to the environment. Concludes that fusion is
the best replacement for fossil fuels and hydrogen is the only satisfactory
"Solar-Hydrogen Electricity Generation in the Context of Global CO2
Emission Reduction," L.D.D. Harvey (Dept. Geog., Univ. Toronto, 100 St.
George St., Toronto ON M5S 1A1, Can.), Clim. Change, 29(1),
53-89, Jan. 1995.
Compares relative costs of solar-hydrogen, a solar-fossil fuel hybrid, and
advanced fossil fuel generation, and determines the differences in CO2
emissions. The global warming effect of solar-hydrogen from leakage of hydrogen
is similar to that of a natural gas-solar hybrid system after one year, but
about 1% of the impact of the hybrid system on a 100-year time scale. Impacts on
stratospheric ozone are likely to be minuscule.
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