February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 5, MAY 1996
EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE: FIELD STUDIES
Special Section. J. Geophys. Res., 100(D12), Dec.
20, 1995. Contains over 25 papers on the First ISLSCP Field Experiment
(FIFE) in the areas of remote sensing and modeling.
"First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project
(ISLSCP) Field Experiment (FIFE) in 1995," F.G. Hall (NASA-Goddard, MC 923,
Greenbelt MD 20771), P.J. Sellers, 25,383-25,395. An overview summarizing the
special section papers and discussing the significant contributions of FIFE to
understanding the role of Earth surface characteristics in the climate system.
"The Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS): An Overview and
Early Results from the 1994 Field Year," P. Sellers (address above), F.
Hall et al., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76(9), 1549-1577, Sep.
BOREAS, a large scale international field experiment, is intended to collect
data on the exchanges of radiative energy, heat, water, CO2 and trace gases
between the boreal forest and the lower atmosphere. Preliminary analysis
indicates that the area-averaged photosynthetic capacity of boreal forests is
much less than that of temperate forests to the south. The effects of frozen
soils and the strong physiological control of evapotranspiration do not seem to
be well represented in post operational atmospheric GCMs.
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