Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 8, AUGUST 1997
Designing Economic Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in
North America, Can. Global Change Prog., ca. 20 pp., 1997, $CDN2O
(CGCP). Core text (11 pp.) available on the CGCP Web site.
Report of a workshop (Jan. 1997, Toronto) of multiple stakeholders, that
was co-hosted by the CGCP, Queen's University et al. There was broad
consensus that the implementation of emissions trading would have to be an
evolutionary process, probably best begun at the national level.
Participants generally agreed that although carbon taxes are already in
place in five European countries, there is virtually no prospect of
implementing them soon in North America.
Reducing Carbon Emissions: Interactions with the Tax System
Raise the Cost, I.W. Parry, 3 pp., 1997. See Resources, Summer
Recent research shows that even modest emissions reductions might be
especially costly if the policies do not raise revenues for the government
that are returned to the economy in other tax reductions.
Toward a Sustainable Future: Addressing the Long-term Effects of Motor
Vehicle Transportation on Climate and Ecology, Transport. Res.
Bd.-Natl. Res. Council, 50 pp. (pre-publication copy), July 1997, $29
(Transport. Res. Bd.).
Recommends two general approaches for reducing motor vehicle emissions
of greenhouse gases: (1) discourage driving through taxation, pricing and
other policies aimed at changing travel behavior; (2) encourage the
development of new transportation technologies that use either smaller
amounts of petroleum fuels, or alternative fuels that produce fewer
Global Warming: Information on the Results of Four of EPA's Voluntary
Climate Change Programs (RCED-97-163), 28 pp., June 1997 (GAO). Full
text available on the GAO Web site.
Finds that more most projections of future greenhouse gas reductions
were based on participation rates in the four programs revewed that have
not yet been realized. Examines EPA's approach to projecting emissions
reductions currently and in the future.
Alternative Approaches to Offsetting the Competitive Burden of a
Carbon/Energy Tax, J.A. Hoerner, 40 pp., 1997, $14 (ACEEE).
Based on a roundtable analysis with representatives of intensive
manufacturing industries. Explores various offset strategies, including
tax credits on capital investment, energy efficiency investment, and labor
Recent Discussion Papers from RFF.
Assessing the Constraints and Opportunities for Private-Sector
Participation in Activities Implemented Jointly: Two Case Studies from the
U.S. Initiative..." (97-38), M. Powell et al., July 1997.
SO2 Allowance Trading: How Experience and Expectations Measure Up
(97-24), D.R. Bohi, D. Burtraw, Feb. 1997. Explains why the U.S. program
has achieved reductions in emissions ahead of schedule, at lower than
expected allowance prices.
When Can Carbon Abatement Policies Increase Welfare? The Fundamental
Role of Distorted Market Factors (97-18), I.W.H. Parry et al., Jan.
1997. Employs analytical and numerical general equilibrium models to
assess the efficiency impacts of two policies to reduce U.S. carbon
emissions-a carbon tax and a carbon quota.
The Next Generation of Market-Based Environmental Policies
(97-10), R.N. Stavins, B.W. Whitehead, Nov. 1996. Examines U.S.
applications of market-based policies and what will be required if they
are to become a major force in U.S. environmental policy.
A Review of Coal Mine Methane Recovery for Electric Utilities
(TR-107092), ICF Resouces Inc. for Elec. Power Res. Inst., 91 pp., Nov.
Evaluates potential recovery amounts and costs for U.S. mines and
discusses technical and legal issues. Recovery of methane may be a
cost-effective offset method for some utilities, particularly if the
government imposes legal limits on greenhouse gases.
Strategy Paper for Reducing Methane Emissions, European
Commission, Nov. 1996. Contact Saturnino M. Gomez (tel: 32 2 299 9332;
fax: 32 2 296 9560).
Reducing methane emissions would have more immediate impact on the
greenhouse effect than CO2 reductions because of the short
lifetime of methane in the atmosphere. This paper examines options for a
European Union strategy. (See Global Environ. Change Rep., p. 4,
Dec. 27, 1996; http://www.cutter.com).
Policies and Measures to Reduce CO2 Emissions by
Efficiency and Renewables, Worldwide Fund for Nature, Nov. 1996.
Contact the WWF European Policy Office (tel: 32 2 743 8800).
The European Union could reduce CO2 emissions by 14% from
1990 levels by the year 2005 through energy efficiency measures, and could
benefit significantly from the use of cogeneration if proposals to
deregulate its electricity market were carried through. Suggests a variety
of instruments to promote efficiency.
CO2 Offset Opportunities in Siberian Forests
(TR-106059), Electric Power Res. Inst., 112 pp., May 1996 (EPRI).
Defines the environmental, socioeconomic, and political conditions
relevant to undertaking offset projects in Siberia, determines regional
opportunities, and discusses steps necessary for implementation. Reviews
two forestry-based joint implementation projects that are underway.
CO2 Mitigation and the Indian Transport Sector, 27
pp., 1996, $5 (TERI).
Compares the growing demand for transport and associated emissions in
the developing and developed countries; examines India's growing transport
sector, particularly its growing dependence on oil; outlines ways to
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations