February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1997
OZONE DEPLETION: CONTROL POLICY
International Trade and the Montreal Protocol, D. Brack, ca. 120
pp., Apr. 1996, $15.95/£12.95 (Brookings in U.S./Plymbridge in U.K.).
The author, from the Royal Institute of International Affairs (London),
examines the consequences of the Montreal Protocol for trade, including the
evolution of a substantial black market. Since this problem is not one
environment ministries can be expected to tackle by themselves, trade and
industry ministries and enforcement agencies should cooperate to crack down on
the smuggling of these substances. Examines implementation difficulties in the
former Soviet Union, and offers lessons in the value and design of trade
restrictions for future environmental treaties.
The Phaseout of Methyl Bromide in the United States
(GAO/RCED-96-16), 41 PP., Dec. 1996, no charge (GAO).
Phase out of this pesticide in the U.S., whose manufacture will cease in
2001, could harm agriculture and trade unless adequate alternatives can be
found, or unless exemptions from the ban can be obtained for some domestic uses
until alternatives are available.
Ozone Protection in the United States: Elements of Success, E.
Cook, Ed., 130 pp., 1996, $14.95 pbk. (WRI).
Presents 10 case studies of innovative regulatory initiatives and voluntary
actions that show how economic incentives, entrepreneurial government
activities, corporate leadership and competition, along with scientific advances
and public activism, made significant contributions to adoption of CFC
alternatives. Explains how this experience applies to climate change.
Ozone Layer Protection: Country Incremental Costs, K. King, M.
Munasinghe, Eds., ca. 100 pp., 1995, $8.95 (World Bank).
U.K. Use and Emissions of Selected Halocarbons, 1996, $31.25/£20
Between 1986 and 1995, the consumption of CFCs in the U.K. fell 97%; however
that of HCFCs tripled. This report assesses progress in the CFC phaseout,
suggests ways of speeding it up, and details what sectors are still using these
substances. The most important barriers to phasing out CFCs is their
availability within the refrigeration market and concerns over the long-term use
of HFCs (which are greenhouse gases) as substitutes for CFCs and HCFCs. The
refrigeration/air conditioning and foam blowing sectors dominate the use of
HCFCs, and their use is expected to grow further until alternatives are proven.
Regulations to Control Ozone Depleting SubstancesInterim
Version, I. Kökeritz, 1996 (SEI).
Prepared for government officers by the Stockholm Environ. Inst. and the
U.N. Environ. Prog. to facilitate transfer of information from North to South
and from South to South. In part, it includes examples of legislation in
developed and developing countries.
Monitoring Imports of Ozone Depleting Substances, I. Kökeritz,
Prepared by SEI and UNEP on the methodological questions of monitoring the
consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) and the interrelationships
between monitoring these materials and their control. It focuses on the
experience of the ODS Officers Network for Southeast Asia and the Pacific in 10
developing and three developed countries.
OzonAction Information Clearinghouse Database (OAIC-DV 4.0),
Updated twice yearly, this database contains the equivalent of 1,000 pages
of text. New features include national production and consumption data for 1993;
an updated version of the Multilateral Fund's inventory of approved projects; a
summary of the latest phaseout schedule; and French and Spanish glossaries of
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations