February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1997
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS: HEALTH
Climate Change and Human Health, World Health Org., World
Meteorol. Org., U.N Environ. Prog., approx. 300 pp., July 1996, $27/Sw Fr
30/developing countries Sw Fr 21 (WHO; Order No. 1930091).
See News, Global Climate Change Digest, Aug. 1996. A summary booklet
has also been published which gives the joint positions of the above three
organizations regarding the impact of climate change on such topics as
vector-borne diseases, heat-related deaths, and monetary impacts of potential
changes in risks of mortality.
Conference on Human Health and Global Climate Change Summary
of the Proceedings, P.B. Phelps, with V. Setlow & A. Pope, Eds., 64 pp.,
June 1996 (Natl. Acad. Sci./Inst. of Medicine, limited copies; also Natl. Acad.
Participants at the Sep. 1995 conference agreed generally that changes in
the global climate could pose significant risks to human health, and lack of
complete data should not be used as an excuse for inaction. Instead, the
precautionary principle should apply. Actions that can be taken now include
creation of a global surveillance and response network; increased coordination
among nations and scientific disciplines; multidisciplinary research on the
links between global climate change and human health; improved environmental
health training for health professionals; and an outreach program to inform and
educate the public.
Concern for Europe's Tomorrow, 535 pp., May 1996, $97/DM 150
(WHO, European Regional Office).
The World Health Organization has called for full implementation of the
amended Montreal Protocol, as well as additional, similar restrictions for CFC
alternatives as the only way to prevent the emergence of serious health problems
in Europe. The prospect of increased frequency of extreme climatic events has
more important health implications than moderate changes in average temperature
and weather conditions to which populations become adapted. Communicable
diseases may also increase as the result of a warmer climate.
Infecting Ourselves: How Environmental and Social Disruptions Trigger
Disease (Worldwatch Paper 129), A.E. Platt, 79 pp., $5 (Worldwatch).
Population increases, lack of clean water, poorly planned development,
inadequate vaccinations, misuse of antibiotics, and increased human mobility are
among the factors that lead to resurgence in infectious disease worldwide.
Ecological disturbances such as fire, flood, deforestation, earthquake, and land
use changes tip the balance between people and microbes in favor of the
microbes. Global climate change is certain to cause disruptions that can also
affect disease transmission. Among the four points recommended to control the
spread of disease is to slow population growth and stabilize the world's climate
through implementation of the 1994 World Population Plan of Action and the
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Index of Abbreviations