February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1997
BOOKS AND PROCEEDINGS...
EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE
Assessing Climate Change: Results from the Model Evaluation Consortium
for Climate Assessment, W. Howe, A. Henderson-Sellers, Eds., 420 pp.,
1997, $140/£91 (Gordon & Breach).
Presents the findings of an international, industry-sponsored research
group, the Model Evaluation Consortium for Climate Assessment (MECCA),
including an overview of how climate change predictions are affected by
the use of different model types. Also assesses the impacts of climate
change on vegetation, severe weather, and agricultural productivity.
A Climate Modelling Primer, 2nd. Ed., K. McGuffie, A.
Henderson-Sellers, 224 pp., $60, July 1997 (Wiley).
Updates the 1987 edition of a very popular text, and includes a CD ROM.
Aims to ascend the "climate modeling pyramid" to the
three-dimensional general circulation climate model, and to encourage
discriminating interpretation of the results of climate models.
Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change, 2nd. Ed., W.H.
Schlesinger, 588 pp., 1997, $49.95 pbk. (Academic Press).
A text that considers the effects of life on the Earth's chemistry on a
global level by employing current technology to help students extrapolate
small-scale examples to the global level. Reviewed by S.K. Hamilton (Bull.
Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 1878-1788, Aug. 1997), who recommends the book
for any scientist who needs a comprehensive and thoroughly referenced
overview, and considers it well suited as a text for upper-level and
The Arctic and Environmental Change, P. Wadhams, J.A. Dowdeswell,
A.M. Schofield, Eds., 208 pp., 1997, $48/£31/ECU40 (Gordon &
Consists of 14 papers from a meeting (Oct. 1994) that contain a broad
review of changes in the Arctic environment in response to global warming.
Discusses changes that are expected in the next century.
Cycles of Life: Civilization and the Biosphere, V. Smil, 221 pp.,
1997, $32.95/£19.95 (Sci. Amer. Lib./W.H. Freeman).
Addresses the biological cycling of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur.
Reviewed by M. Whitfield in Nature, pp. 35-36, Mar. 6, 1997: the
author is authoritative and detailed when dealing with terrestrial and
atmospheric cycles, including their mechanisms, the evolution of our
understanding, and the interference of civilization with their
functioning. He is less sure footed with the marine system (unfortunate
because of the important role of oceans); the marine cycling of nitrogen
gets short shrift.
Gaia's Body--Toward a Physiology of Earth, T. Volk, 300 p., 1997,
For lay readers and earth scientists, this book uses the Gaia theory to
answer such questions as: Is Earth alive? Is the biosphere a
self-sustaining meta-organism? Various ways of looking at the "anatomy"
and "physiology" of the Earth are described, considering the
major biogeographical regions (rainforests, deserts, tundra etc.) and the
chemical cycles that keep Earth in balance, as well as the role of
humanity in Gaia's past and future.
Environmental Change--The Evolving Ecosphere, R. Huggett, 256 pp.,
1997, £50 (Routledge).
An introduction to past, present and future changes in the environment,
and to the interconnectedness of the ecological, geological and cosmic
aspects of the environment. Postulates an unending adaptation of the
ecosphere and its parts to ever-changing circumstances, including those
triggered by human actions.
Climate Trend Atlas of Europe--Based on Observations 1891-1990,
C.-D. Schönweise, J. Rapp, 224 pp., 1997, $112/£69/NLG175
Provides observational and statistical information using the concept of
selected climate element change charts (for temperature, precipitation,
humidity, pressure) for different months or seasons. Deals with various
problems (reliability and accuracy of data, time series homogeneity,
adequate spatial interpolation, graphical presentation etc.). The numerous
charts allow an overview and a detailed analysis of the geographic
patterns of climate change in Europe.
Biomass Burning and Global Change. Vol. 1: Remote Sensing, Modeling
and Inventory Development, and Biomass Burning in Africa (632 pp.,
$80). Vol. 2: Biomass burning in South America, Southeast Asia, and
Temperate Boreal Ecosystems, and the Oil Fires of Kuwait (421 pp.,
$70), J.S. Levine, Ed., 1996 (MIT Press).
Presents the most recent results of a massive climatic research project,
with over 80 contributions by more than 200 scientists, covering the
tropical, temperate and boreal regions of the world. Also presents results
of other national and international experiments.
Sea Level Changes: The Last 20,000 Years, P.A. Pirazzoli, 224 pp.,
1997, $35 (Wiley).
Presents the main causes of sea level change, the methods used to
recognize former shorelines, ice age conditions, and examples describing
various sea level histories. Features new ideas, techniques, and results
of two decades of international research to analyze the causes of sea
level change and itsrelationship to the greenhouse effect.
Amazonian Deforestation and Climate, J.H.C. Gash, C.A. Nobre et
al., Eds., 430 pp., 1996, $102 (Wiley).
Presents results from the Anglo-Brazilian Amazonian Climate Observation
Study. ABRACOS studied changes to the water and carbon cycles, and the
interaction between the soil, vegetation and atmosphere which occurs when
the primary rainforest is removed and replaced with cattle ranchland. The
scales studied were from measurements of leaf and soil moisture, to models
that predict the climate for the whole Amazon Basin.
Global Change and Remote Sensing, K. Ya. Kondratyev, A.A.
Buznikov, O.M. Pokrovsky, ca. 300 pp., 1996, $115 (Wiley).
The first book of its kind to survey the International Space Year
Program and its results, as well as prioritized global change problems.
Also presents the first survey of Russian satellite remote sensing
Carbon Dioxide, Populations, and Communities, C. Körner, F.
Bazzaz, Eds., 465 pp., 1996, $84.95 (Academic).
Focuses on the responses of populations and communities, and the
resulting evolutionary responses, to elevated CO2. A companion
is Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. (See Global
Climate Change Digest, BOOKS/IMPACTS, Feb. 1997.)
Fungi and Environmental Change, J.C. Frankland, N. Magan, G.M.
Gadd, Eds., 351 pp., 1996, $95 (Cambridge).
Given that fungi are an ancient group of organisms, are ubiquitous, and
are interdependent with other organisms, this book addresses how they are
affected by environmental change (including climate change and global
warming, UV radiation, and various environmental pollutants), and how they
can be used to mitigate environmental problems. Reviewed by A.Y. Rossman
in BioScience, pp. 546-547, Sep. 1997.
High Latitude Climate and Remote Sensing, K.Ya. Kondratyev, O.M.
Johannessen, V.V. Melentyev, 200 pp., 1996, $90 (Wiley).
Gives a complete and thorough analysis of high latitude climate using
satellites, and presents perspectives on remote sensing and climate change
that are probably unfamiliar to Western scientists.
Climate Change: Developing Southern Hemisphere Perspectives, T.W.
Giambelluca, A. Henderson-Sellers, Eds., 475 pp., 1996, £65 (Wiley).
A text aimed at the graduate level that grew out of a 1993 Graduate
Summer School on Coupled Climate System Modeling that also complements
the text Climate System Modeling, edited by Trenberth. The four
sections cover global change pluralities; hemispheric climate: global
models; climate change: ecological and human dimensions; and policy
perspective. Reviewer R. Washington (Intl. J. Climatol., p. 903,
June 30, 1997) comments that the authors have put together an important
text - provocative, authoritative, and ambitious. Although some chapters
could have been expanded, what the book covers, it does so very well.
Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems. A Bibliography, B.
Schlamadinger, M. Waupotitsch, 289 pp., Feb. 1996, $45 participating
countries/$200 other countries (Joanneum Research).
Prepared within the International Energy Agency's Bioenergy
Agreement-Task XV. Includes annotated citations of journal articles,
reports and proceedings that reference both bioenergy and greenhouse
gases. Includes work that deals with greenhouse gas balances of land use
(agriculture and forestry) and of land use change, and information on the
greenhouse gas implications of selected fossil fuel cycles so they can be
compared with biomass fuel cycles.
Solar Output and Climate During the Holocene, B. Frenzel, Ed., 186
pp., 1995, $48.20 (Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Ger.).
A special issue of Palaeoclimate Research, produced as part of
the European Science Foundation's project "European Palaeoclimate and
Man. Presents and discusses solar data and climate proxy data from the
past, which can be use to search for solar activity signatures and other
properties. Reviewed by J.D. Haigh in Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc.
(p. 1970, Oct. 1996, Part B), and by N. Brown in Prog. Phys. Geog.
(pp. 147-149, Mar. 1997).
The Role of Water and the Hydrological Cycle in Global Change,
H.R. Oliver, S.A. Oliver, Eds., 480 pp., 1995, $222 (Springer).
A collection from lectures, mostly about global change applications of
hydrology, presented at a NATO Advanced Study Institute (Italy, May 1994).
Reviewed by K. McGuffie in Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. (pp. 94-95,
Soils and Global Change, R. Lal, J.M. Kimble et al., Eds., 464
pp., 1995, $99.95 (CRC).
Examines the importance of soils and their relationship to global
change, specifically to the greenhouse effect.
Reviews of Previous Entries: Earth System Science
Long-Term Climate Monitoring by the Global Climate Observing System
[GCOS], T.R. Karl, Ed., 648 pp., 1996, $154 (Kluwer).
A reprint of a special issue of Climatic Change 31(2-4),
Dec. 1995. (Annotated entries for that issue are in Global Climate
Change Digest, pp. 1-2, Feb. 1996.) Reviewed by P. Riley in Bull.
Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 2953-2954, Dec., 1996, who notes that it aims
to set out a scientific framework for the monitoring requirements of GCOS.
The book meets this goal well, and should provide guidance to those
planning GCOS for a number of years to come. It also provides a useful and
comprehensive review of research results so far.
Boreal Forests and Global Change, M.J. Apps, D.T. Price, J.
Wisniewski, Eds., 548 pp., 1995, $199 (Kluwer).
An "editorial review essay" by J. Pastor (Clim. Change,
pp. 343-350, July 1996) calls the book an excellent collection of thought
provoking papers that should be standard reading for anyone interested in
the subject. It then discusses some unsolved research problems of boreal
Shorter reviews appear in Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Dec. 1996
(B. Kuemmel), and Ecology, p. 959, Apr. 1997 (E.K. Miller).
Global Environmental Change: Past, Present and Future, K.K.
Turekian, 200 pp., 1996, $46, 1996 (Prentice Hall).
Reviewed by J.L. Goldman in Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 2115-2119,
Sep. 1996. The reviewer calls this a timely book that helps inquiring
students learn what changes are occurring, as well as the science
governing the measurements of change, and how the trends of change have
come about. He is heartened that the book will give students, who may be
our future political leaders, the opportunity to receive the extensive
scientific understanding of our environment, as well as an ability to
distinguish between junk science and the scientific method so aptly
presented by the author.
Biogenic Trace Gases: Measuring Emissions from Soil and Water,
P.A. Matson, R.C. Harriss, Eds., 386 pp., 1995, $49.95/£26.50
Reviewed by J. Westbrook in Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp.
575-576, Mar. 1996, who recommends the book for its interdisciplinary
approach, comprehensive coverage, seamless writing style, and clear and
Aerosol Forcing of Climate, R.J. Charlson, J. Heintzenberg, Eds.,
416 pp., 1995, $125 (Wiley).
Reviewed by J.G. Hudson in Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 1864
ff., Aug. 1996. Superior to many other conference proceedings; despite the
large number of authors, the writing is good, and the volume well edited.
It presents an excellent distinction about what is and is not known.
However, the reviewer is perplexed by the organization of the chapters and
read them in the order of his personal interest.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations