February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 10, OCTOBER 1997
"Achieving Low-Cost Emissions Targets," S.H. Schneider (Dept.
Biol. Sci., Stanford Univ., Stanford CA 94304; e-mail:
firstname.lastname@example.org), L.H. Goulder, Nature, 389(6646),
13-14, Sep. 4, 1997.
Although there are compelling reasons for delaying significant CO2
emission abatement, short-term abatement policies are also needed. A
carbon tax is the most economically efficient and administratively
flexible instrument for immediate policy action, and is preferable to
subsidies for research and development of alternative, low-carbon energy
"Climate Science and Insurance Risk," A.F. Michaels (Wrigley
Inst. for Environ. Studies, Univ. Southern Calif., Los Angeles CA 90098;
e-mail: email@example.com), D. Malmquist et al.,Nature, 389(6648),
225-227, Sep. 18, 1997.
Partnerships between insurance companies and climate scientists are a
model for how academic science can help business, to the benefit of both
parties and the wider public. Discusses the partnership between these two
groups created in Bermuda in 1994, as insurers searched for risk analysis
solutions to replace traditional actuarial approaches. Also suggests other
potential links between scientists and business decision-makers.
"More Realism, Less Idealism: What Must Be Learnt from the Failure of
the Earth Summit + 5,"OPEC Bull., p. 3, July 1997.
The European Union failed to advance its climate change proposals at the
Denver Summit of Eight and at Earth Summit + 5 because they are not
necessary, economically fair, or sensible. In the run-up to Kyoto,
countries have an opportunity to reassess the situation so that we see
less green idealism and more sober realism.
"Climate Change Issues in the Build-up to the Third Conference of the
Parties," S. Ghanem,OPEC Bull., pp. 7-8, June 1997.
Expresses concerns of countries whose economies are heavily dependent on
fossil fuel exports. Advocates a system to give equitable treatment to all
carbon-based energy sources, including a carbon tax not an energy tax, and
removal of all subsidies on fossil fuels.
Three commentaries in OPEC Bull., May 1997:
"High Stakes: How Climate Change Negotiations Could Affect Oil
Producing Countries," S. Ghanem, pp. 4-6. Elaborates on the themes of
the previous article.
"Unfinished Business: The Scientific Case Against the Global
Climate Treaty," S.F. Singer (Science & Environ. Policy Project,
Washington, D.C.), 7-16. Argues in some detail against several scientific
points used as evidence for the need for the climate treaty. Successful
adaptation to climate change requires specific actions-many of which will
help limit greenhouse gas emissions-that will stimulate sustainable
economic growth and continued technical progress. These two goals will
prove useful if limitation of greenhouse gas emissions ever becomes
"Possible Effects of Emissions Reductions on Developing and OPEC
Nations," W.D. Montgomery (Charles River Assoc.), C.D. Schock, pp.
17-22. Results from an economic impact model show that economic losses
will not be confined to the developed countries that are actually
committed to taking measures. Developing countries will suffer as well
including the oil producers.
"Global Warming and the Political Economy of Threats," D.
Edwards,The Ecologist, 27(1), 2-4, Jan.-Feb. 1997.
Argues that the perceived seriousness of a threat to society is largely
determined by the extent to which the threat helps or hinders political
and economic interests. Demonstrates by comparing the tepid response of
the media to the very real threat of global warming, on the one hand, and
its promotion in the 1950s of the politically-generated threat to the West
posed by the Soviet Union, on the other.
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Index of Abbreviations