February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1997
CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY
"Verifying Compliance with an Unmonitorable Climate Convention,"
S. Subak (CSERGE, Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK),Intl. Environ.
Affairs, 9(2), 148-168, Spring 1997.
Current arrangements for setting targets and reporting the status of
individual countries under the Climate Convention ignore several
intractable technical problems. The accuracy of baseline emission
estimates is essentially unverifiable, as is reported progress toward
controlling emissions. These problems are unlikely to be solved by some of
the proposed solutions. Recommends specific measures for monitoring and
reporting that could be effective.
"A Comparative Analysis of the Decision-Making Processes of Developed
Countries Toward CO2 Emissions Reduction Targets," Y.
Kawashima (Natl. Inst. Environ. Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki
305, Japan), Intl. Environ. Affairs, 9(2), 95-126, Spring
Analyzes results of an interview survey conducted in five developed
countries, that was intended to identify and compare the factors that
influenced the setting of targets in negotiations. The most critical
factor is domestic politics (the strong will of political leaders, and the
public awareness that supports such leaders), followed by economic
concerns. To facilitate consensus building in future negotiations,
recommends keeping the public and political leaders aware of the climate
change problem; maintaining good communication among countries; and
demonstrating that energy efficiency and renewable energy pay in the long
"Strategies to Enforce Compliance with an International CO2
Treaty," J. Heister (Kiel Inst. of World Econ., Kiel, Ger.), E. Mohr
et al., Intl. Environ. Affairs, 9(1), 22-53, Winter 1997.
Instruments for deterring noncompliance, rectifying treaty breaches, and
dealing with "free riders" are essential components of an
effective climate treaty. This article studies economic and other
instruments in the light of international law, including financial
transfers to developing countries, economic sanctions to increase treaty
compliance, and flexibility in meeting commitments.
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