February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1997
EMISSIONS -- INTERNATIONAL
(See also previous section, NATIONAL REPORTS: CANADA, U.K., this
Global Climate Change Digest issue--Sep. 1997.)
International Energy Outlook 1997 (DOE/EIA-0484-97), U.S.
Energy Information Admin., May 1997 (EIA). Full text available at
With existing international commitments to curtail emissions, global
carbon emissions from fossil fuel combustion may be 61% higher in 2015
than in 1990. If faster economic growth occurs, there could be an 87%
increase. Even if industrialized countries stabilize emissions at 1990
levels or reduce them, global emissions will still increase from
developing countries and those of the former Soviet Union and eastern
Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries, L.
Schipper, M. Ting, 1997. A one-page summary appears in the Summer 1997
Center for Building Science News, Lawrence Berkeley Natl. Lab.
(LBL). For more information contact Mike Ting, Energy Analysis Prog. (tel:
510 486 5916; fax: 510 486 6996; e-mail: MKTing@lbl.gov), or see
Examines patterns of emissions arising from the end uses of energy (and
electricity production) in ten industrialized countries. Surprisingly,
emissions in many countries were lower in the early 1990s than in the
1970s, in absolute terms and per capita. However, the factors that reduced
emissions in the past are not having the same effect now. This result
raises important issues for the upcoming negotiations in Kyoto.
WEC Survey of Carbon Dioxide Emissions 1990-96, World Energy
Council, 1997. Published in the July 1997 issue of the twice-yearly WEC
Journal (WEC). See also articles in Nature (p. 213, July 17,
1997) and Global Environ. Change Rep. (pp. 1-3, July 25).
Global CO2 emissions rose 2.7% from 1995 to 1996. The
Asia-Pacific region contributed most at 5.5%; North America was up 3%. The
European Union failed to maintain CO2 emissions below 1990
levels for the first time since 1992.
Coal Information, Intl. Energy Agency, 740 pp., July 1997, $156
Gives extensive world statistics on coal demand, prices and trade. From
1995 to 1996, coal demand in the OECD countries of Europe dropped 2.5%,
but rose 1.7% in the U.S. and 2.5% in Japan. Demand in major Asian
countries showed annual increases of 4-7%.
World Economic and Social Survey for 1997 (E.97.II.C.I), July
1997, $55 (U.N. Publications).
This year's annual publication includes a chapter on CO2
emissions emphasizing that the current commitments to reduce emissions,
primarily by developed countries, will have little effect over the next
decade or so because of strong growth in developing economies.
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