February 28, 2007
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Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 11, NUMBER 4, APRIL-MAY 1998
Impacts And Adaptation: General and Methods
"Portraying Climate Scenario Uncertainties in Relation to Tolerable
Regional Climate Change," M. Hulme (Climatic Res. Unit, Univ. E.
Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK), O. Brown,Climate Research, 10(1),
1-14, Apr. 9, 1998. (Available on-line at no charge in 1998 at:
Impact analyses have dominated by a "top down" approach which
starts with climate change scenarios defined by a global model. This paper
follows the opposite approach: a range of acceptable rates or magnitudes
of change are determined, and the climate scenario developer is asked the
likelihood that the range will be exceeded. Demonstrates with an
application to the U.K.
Special Issue: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in
Latin America, C. Ramos-Mane, Ed., Climate Research, 9(1-2),
155 pp., Dec. 29, 1997. Available from Inter-Research, Nordbunte 23,
D-21385 Olendorf/Luhe, Ger.; tel: 49 0 4132 7127; fax: 49 0 4132 8883;
e-mail: email@example.com; WWW: http://www.int-res.com.
Single copies cost DM 89 + DM 8 shipping.
The 21 papers represent a selection of contributions to a workshop
(Montevideo, Uruguay, Apr. 1996). Topics include agro-economics; forest,
coastal and water resources; climate change scenarios; and sociological
"Setting Priorities for Adapting to Climate Change," J.B. Smith
(Hagler Bailly Services, PO Drawer O, Boulder CO 80306),Global
Environ. Change, 7(3), 251-264, Oct. 1997.
Policymakers will eventually have to address adaptation to the effects
of climate change, in some cases in anticipation of those changes.
Anticipatory measures need to be flexible and economically efficient. The
most urgent ones meet at least one of the following criteria: (1) address
irreversible or costly impacts; (2) reverse trends that make adoption of
the measure more difficult over time; (3) address long-term decisions,
such as building infrastructure. Proposes a method by which natural
resource policymakers can evaluate the urgency of anticipatory policies.
"Adapting to Climate Change in Africa," T.E. Downing (Environ.
Change Unit., Oxford Univ., Mansfield Rd., Oxford OX1 3TB, UK), L. Ringius
et al.,Mitigation & Adaptation Strategies for Global Change,
2(1), 19-44, 1997.
Gives an overview of climate change in Africa and case studies of
impacts for agriculture and water to draw general implications for other
stakeholders. The most effective strategies are likely to involve reducing
present vulnerability and enhancing broadly the capacity to respond to
environmental, resource and economic perturbations.
"Climatic Change Feedback to the Energy Sector: Developing Integrated
Assessments," D.J. Sailor (Dept. Mechanical Eng., Tulane Univ., New
Orleans LA 70118),World Resource Review, 9(3), 301-316,
Discusses the mechanisms by which climatic variability and change impact
the energy sector, and how models of these impacts can be used in utility
planning, integrated assessments, and policy development.
"Assessing the State-Level Consequences of Global Warming:
Socioeconomic and Energy Demand Impacts," B.M. Rubin (Sch. Public &
Environ. Affairs, Rm. 328, Indiana Univ., Bloomington IN 47405), S.
Gailmard et al.,World Resource Review, 9(3), 379 ff., Sep.
Adaptation and mitigation strategies must be developed at a level
consistent with political and policy-making processes. This paper
addresses the problem by identifying the potential socioeconomic and
energy demand consequences of climate change for subnational regions, such
as states in the U.S. Presents a process for obtaining state-specific
assessments of socioeconomic impacts.
"Human Adaptation to Climatic Variability and Change," J.
Smithers (Ecosystem Health Prog., Faculty of Environ. Sci., Univ. Guelph,
Guelph ON N1G 2W1, Can.), B. Smit,Global Environ. Change, 7(2),
129-146, July 1997.
Reviews and synthesizes perspectives from an eclectic body of
scholarship to develop a framework for characterizing and understanding
human adaptation to climatic variability and change. The framework
recognizes the characteristics of climatic events, the ecological
properties of systems, and distinctions among different types of
"Climate Change and Hydropower Generation," P.J. Robinson (Dept.
Geog., CB#3220, Saunders Hall, Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill NC
27599),Intl. J. Climatol., 17(9), 983-996, July 1997.
Presents model-based estimates of the impact of a 2°C temperature
increase and a 10% precipitation decrease on small hydropower generation
facilities in the U.S. Finds that many utilities would face the prospect
of reduced or less reliable hydroelectric generation under such changes,
unless generation efficiency can be increased by 10% to compensate.
Special Issue: Climate Change Impacts and Response Options in
Eastern and Central Europe, R.K. Dixon, Ed. (U.S. Country Studies Prog.),
Clim. Change, 36(1-2), May-June 1997.
Contains 14 papers presented at an international workshop, Climate
Variability and Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation (Prague,
Sep. 1995), on climate change scenarios, impacts on water resources and on
terrestrial ecosystems, sea level rise, and adaptation options. Four of
the papers (including the following) are listed in various subsections of
this issue of Global Climate Change Digest.
"Regional Climate Change Scenarios for Vulnerability and Adaptation
Assessments," J.B. Smith (Hagler Bailly Consulting, P.O. Drawer O,
Boulder CO 80306), G.J. Pitts,Clim. Change, 36(1-2), 3-21,
Describes the regional climate change scenarios that are recommended for
use in the U.S. Country Studies Program, and evaluates how well four
general circulation models simulate current the climate over Europe.
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