February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 11, NUMBER 10, OCTOBER 1998
Temperature Database: The Effects of Temperature on
Invertebrates and Fish: A Selected Bibliography has been compiled by
V. S. Kennedy (email@example.com) and J. A. Mihursky of the University
of Maryland Center for Environmental Science and made available as a
Web-based, searchable database at
The bibliography focuses on aquatic invertebrates and fish and includes
information on cold- as well as warm-water temperature effects. The
literature commenced in the 19th century. While most of the 3453
references included concern whole organisms, some involve molecular,
cellular, or tissue studies. No references, however, relate to plants; and
few refer to microorganisms, parasites, or insects. Nearly all the
references have appeared in peer-reviewed journals, although a few reports
are included. Theses and dissertations are excluded. This bibliography
ends about 1993; commercial bibliographies are available that provide
references since then.
NARSTO Data Available: NARSTO (the North American Research
Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone) is a consortium for research on the
formation and transport of ozone and particulates in the lower atmosphere.
The first data produced by this study are now available from the NARSTO
data archive at http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov.
These data are a subset of the measurements made during the
NARSTO-Northeast 1995 intensive field campaign and are intended to be used
to verify model predictions about how ambient ozone concentrations change
in response to changes in VOC and NOx emissions. The data were collected
from May through September. One-hour average O3, NO, and NOx measurement
results are reported from widely distributed ground-surface monitoring
stations operated by various agencies. At the home page, go to the search
box at the bottom of the page, select data sets, and enter NARSTO.
Those selections will start the prototype web-download system for access
to the NARSTO-Northeast data. You will then be able to select the
instrument, parameter, and time range that you wish to get data for.
Essay on Forests as Carbon Sinks: Carbon Sinks in the
Post-Kyoto World, Roger Sedjo, Brent Sohngen, and Pamela Jagger from
Resources for the Future and Ohio State University have authored this
essay, which appears at
The three forestry experts review forest ecosystems as carbon sinks, their
effects on global carbon balances, the use of forest carbon sequestration
to meet emission-reduction targets, and the Kyoto Protocols
relationships to carbon sinks and sink credits.
The four components of carbon storage in a forest ecosystem are trees,
plants growing on the forest floor, detritus (such as leaf litter), and
soils. Deforestation occurs when forest is cleared and reforestation does
not take place. Reforestation usually refers to the practice of
reestablishing a forest that has been cleared. Afforestation is the
creation of a forest on land where a forest had not existed. While the
tropical forest carbon stock has become smaller, the temperate/boreal
forest has been expanding. Nevertheless, the global forest carbon stock
appears to be declining, producing a net carbon source to the atmosphere.
The Kyoto Protocol provides for countries to gain credit toward their
Protocol requirements through afforestation and reforestation undertaken
after 1990. How commercial timber harvests are to be treated is unclear;
they may simply be ignored, or they may be included in the definitions of
forests, deforestation, and reforestation. Also, whether the Clean
Development Mechanism will allow for broader sink activities is unclear.
The Kyoto Protocol is almost silent on the role of other sinks, such as
agricultural land. Although the on-the-ground logistics of carbon
sequestration still need clarification (how to establish baselines, how to
control for leakage, and how to verify effects), forest activities have
considerable potential for carbon sequestration.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations