February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 11, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1998
RECENT BOOKS AND PROCEEDINGS
Information given in the annotations is frequently taken from publishers
promotional literature. Prices and page numbers may be approximate;
contact publisher for details and additional information on content.
Publishers are named in parentheses at the end of each citation;
addresses, when known, are listed at the end of this section. In most
cases, books advertised by publishers with an expected publication date
are not listed here until actually in print.
Global Climate Change: Meeting Post-2000 Emissions Targets and
Timetables, J. C. White and W. R. Wagner (Eds.), 250 pp., 1997, $30
pbk (Center for Environmental Information); also available online at http://www.rochesterenvironment.org/.
These proceedings of a late-1996 conference review the U.S. commitment
to greenhouse-gas reduction prior to the Kyoto Accord, discuss the forces
that drive decision making in such instances as the development of an
international protocol, consider alternative means (e.g., tradeable
permits and joint implementation) for meeting reduction targets, and
consider methods (e.g., advancing technology and establishing control
systems) for implementing a reduction strategy.
Climate Processes and Change, Edward Bryant, 209 pp., 1997, $22.95
pbk, $59.95 hbk (Cambridge Univ. Press).
This book considers the past climate record and postulates several
causes for the changes observed, presents an overview of climate forcing,
describes processes that may operate in the atmosphere, and discusses
human-health impacts of climate change. G. S. Jenkins reviewed it in Eos
79, 239 (May 19, 1998), saying that it lacks the detail and
explanation necessary for understanding complex processes responsible for
climate change and that some of the ideas proposed are
speculative. T. F. Stocker in reviewing it in Nature 391,
552 (Feb. 5, 1998) was not as kind, saying that the book contains
very littleand often sloppyphysics, cites concepts unknown
to dynamical meteorologists, and presents a narrow and often
incorrect view of ocean circulation processes.
Biogeochemical Cycles: A Computer Interactive Study of Earth System
Science and Global Change, W. L. Chameides and E. M. Perdue, 224 pp.,
1997, $49.95 (Oxford Univ. Press).
In a very readable fashion, this text describes the basic chemistry,
biogeochemical reactions, and cycles of the life- supporting elements
(carbon, nitrogen, oxygen sulfur, and phosphorus) in the atmosphere,
hydrosphere, cryosphere, biosphere, and crust of the Earth. Included is a
computer program that models the various biogeochemical cycles and their
interactions. With it, the user can experiment with variations in the
cycles and see what alterations in their behavior result. In his review in
Eos 79, 291 (July 23, 1998), F. T. Mackenzie noted that
the books best features are its overview of the biogeochemical
cycles of the life-essential elements; its explanation of the
principal mechanisms and processes that determine their cycling behavior,
their reservoirs, and their fluxes; and its utilization of
mathematical and numerical modeling as a means of transforming qualitative
descriptions of the biogeochemical cycles into a quantitative analysis of
the dynamics of the cycles.
Health and Climate Change: Modeling the Impacts of Global Warming and
Ozone Depletion, Pim Martens, 176 pp., 1998, £15 pbk (Earthscan).
Eco-epidemiology is the use of computer models to project the future
incidence of disease and other medical conditions as the environment
changes. As such, it is a new departure for medicine. This book looks at
the application of eco-epidemiology to the health effects of climate
change and ozone depletion and at the modeling tools used to analyze those
effects. The specific effects studied are geographic shifts in
vector-borne pathogens and disease, alterations in thermal stress and
mortality, and skin-cancer incidence. In Nature 393, 534
(June 11, 1998), G. A. Gellert calls this book a rigorous
intro-duction ... well organized and thoughtful... a solid contribution to
an important, underexamined and scientifically complex discipline.
In an editorial review essay in Climate Change 30
(1), 39-46 (1998), Jonathan Patz calls the well written book a
significant public health contribution, successfully demonstrating an
important tool in the armament for longterm health risk assessment.
He goes on to point out that mathematical models can at least
achieve a better conceptual representation of complex systems, and well-
conceptualized models help identify key knowledge gaps. Such models
come with caveats, though: Although many parameter values in the
subsystems are based on laboratory data, it is difficult to know how such
values behave in the field. Also, GCM climate projections approximate a
resolution of 250 km diameter grid boxes, whereas it is at the
microclimate level that mosquitos and ticks respond. ... Future
site-specific parameterization will be required ... to be useful for local
preventive health policies. ... The assumptions and caveats behind the
analyses in Health and Climate Change are clearly stated [but]
easily forgotten; ... more studies are required ... to provide decision
makers with probability distributions. ... More comprehensive integration,
including social and economic factors, is an important next step to
include ... however, the larger and more complex a model becomes, the
harder the results are to interpret. Health and Climate
Change describes a conservative approach in linking the respective
climate and disease models. Martens delivers a systems-based simulation,
but avoids ?over-building the models.
Regional Hydrological Response to Climate Change, J. A. A. Jones
et al. (Eds.), 440 pp., 1996, $199 (Kluwer).
This work is a peer-reviewed proceedings of the 1992, 1993, and 1995
meetings of the International Geographical Union Working Group on Regional
Hydrological Response to Climate Change and Global Warming. Includes
papers on the global hydrosphere, regional implications of global warming,
precipitation variability and change, snow and meltwater, and water
Additional Reviews of Previous Entries
Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change, 2nd. Ed., W. H.
Schlesinger, 588 pp., 1997, $49.95 pbk. (Academic Press). (Global
Climate Change Digest, Nov. 1997)
Reviewed by S. W. Leavitt in Eos 79, 20 (Jan. 13, 1998),
who evaluated it as an outstanding contribution to the rapidly
evolving, multidisciplinary field of biogeochemistry, as related to global
change. As a text book, it would be most suitable for upper-level
undergraduate or graduate classes, a useful reference for established
global-change researchers, and a particularly valuable primer for
hydrologists, meteorologists, and geologists seeking to delve into
The Endangered Atmosphere: Preserving a Global Commons, M. S.
Soroos, 1997, $39.95 hbk./$19.95 pbk. (Univ. S.C.). (Global Climate
Change Digest, Jan. 1998)
Reviewed by R. A. Pielke, Jr., in Eos 79, 283 (June 16,
1998), who concluded that the books excellent historical
chapters are not matched by its analysis. In search of conceptual
neatness, the book fails to fully engage the issues in a practical manner,
rendering the cases almost unrecognizable.
Climate Change and the Global Harvest: Potential Impacts of the
Greenhouse Effect on Agriculture, C. Rosenzweig, D. Hillel, 352 pp.,
Jan. 1998, $65/£49.50 (Oxford Univ.). (Global Climate Change
Digest, Jan. 1998)
Reviewed in Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79 (6), 1120 (June
1998) and by P. D. Moore in Nature 393, 33-34 (May 7,
1998) who said that the authors are cautious in their predictions,
but their book must rank as the most integrated, informative and
accessible account of the complexities of this subject.
Does the Weather Really Matter? The Social Implications of Climate
Change, W. Burroughs, 242 pp., $24.95, 1997 (Cambridge). (Global
Climate Change Digest, Jan. 1998)
Reviewed by R. A. Pielke, Jr., in Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79
(3), 472-474 (March 1998), who comments, While this book does not
answer the question asked in its title, and climate impacts researchers
will find the quality of its analyses mixed, it is nonetheless a
worthwhile read for the nonspecialist, and several sections based on the
authors experiences in both science and policy worlds are of
particular relevance to physical scientists.
Also reviewed by J. S. Perry in Climate Change 38 (3),
255-259 (1998), who says, Burroughs volume is a floodlight
seeking to illuminate its entire jungle of complexities. An atmospheric
physicist, sometime diplomat and policymaker, and science journalist,
Burroughs brings a unique kit of tools to his task and wields them with
great skill and impressive effect.
Currents of Change: El Niños Impact on Climate and
Society, M. H. Glantz, 194 pp., 1996, $59.95/£40 hbk., $19.95/£14.95
pbk. (Cambridge Univ.). (Global Climate Change Digest, Feb. 1997)
Reviewed by J. S. Perry in Climate Change 38 (3),
255-259 (1998), who says, Glantz provides us with an encyclopedic
and scholarly monograph on the El Niño phenomenon ... [and]
skillfully and clearly delineates the definitions and taxonomy of these
phenomena, providing a wonderfully concise primer for the lay reader.
The Sea Surface and Global Change, P. S. Liss, R. A. Duce, Eds.,
496 pp., 1996, $74.95 (Cambridge Univ.). (Global Climate Change Digest,
Reviewed by Kristina Katsaros in Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79
(7), 1428-1429 (July 1998), who called it an excellent and lively book
that I thoroughly enjoyed reading. ... Any student or researcher concerned
with the microlayer would benefit from the collection of reviews that this
Earth Under SiegeFrom Air Pollution to Global Change, R. P.
Turco, 480 pp., 1996, $50 hbk./$21.95 pbk. (Oxford). (Global Climate
Change Digest, Dec. 1996)
Reviewed by R. S. Dickerson in Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79
(4), 1428-1429 (April 1998), who says that, for the most part, Turcos
book is completely new and original. The wide-ranging discourse would be a
wonderful text for an undergraduate course and makes good reading to even
experts in atmospheric science.
As Climate Changes: International Impacts and Implications, K. M.
Strzepek, J. B. Smith, Eds., 340 pp., 1995, $55.96 hbk/$23.96 pbk
(Cambridge). (Global Climate Change Digest, Oct. 1995)
Reviewed by James Risbey in Climate Change 39, 135-139
(1998), who says There is much for all of us to learn from this bookit
is an indication of how far we have come as a field in a relatively short
period of time, and of where we are going.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations