INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE


Technologies, Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change

Edited by

Robert T. Watson
World Bank

Marufu C. Zinyowera
Zimbabwe Meteorological Services

Richard H. Moss
Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


This is a Technical Paper of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change prepared in response to a request from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The material herein has undergone expert and government review, but has not been considered by the Panel for possible acceptance or approval.
November 1996

This paper was prepared under the auspices of IPCC Working Group II,
which is co-chaired by Dr. Robert T. Watson of the USA and Dr. M.C. Zinyowera of Zimbabwe.


Contents


Preface

Technical Summary

Residential, Commercial, and Institutional Buildings Sector
Transport Sector
Industrial Sector
Energy Supply Sector
Agricultural Sector
Forest Sector
Solid Waste and Wastewater Disposal
Economic Instruments

1. Introduction

1.1  Purpose and Context
1.2  Scope and Organization
1.3  Sources of Information
1.4  Measures Considered
1.5  Criteria for Analysis
1.6  Baseline Projections of Energy Use and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

2. Residential, Commerical, and Institutional Buildings Sector

2.1  Introduction
2.2  Technologies for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Residential, Commercial, and Institutional Buildings Sector
2.3  Measures for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Residential, Commercial, and Institutional Buildings Sector
2.4  Global Carbon Emissions Reductions through Technologies and Measures in the Residential, Commercial, and Institutional Buildings Sector

3. Transport Sector

3.1  Introduction
3.2  Global Carbon Emission Trends and Projections
3.3  Technologies for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Transport Sector
3.4  Measures for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Transport Sector

4. Industrial Sector

4.1  Introduction
4.2  Technologies for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Industrial Sector
4.3  Measures for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Industrial Sector
4.4  Global Carbon Emissions Reductions through Technologies and Measures in the Industrial Sector

5. Energy Supply Sector

5.1  Introduction
5.2  Technologies for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Energy Supply Sector
5.3  Measures for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Energy Supply Sector

6. Agriculture Sector

6.1  Introduction
6.2  Technologies for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Agriculture Sector
6.3  Measures for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Agriculture Sector

7. Forest Sector

7.1  Introduction
7.2  Technologies for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Forest Sector
7.3  Measures for Reducing GHG Emissions in the Forest Sector

8. Solid Waste and Wastewater Disposal

8.1  Introduction
8.2  Technical Options for Controlling Methane Emissions
8.3  Measures for Methane Reduction and Recovery
8.4  Comparison of Alternative Measures and Policies

9. Economic Instruments

9.1  Introduction
9.2  National-Level Economic Instruments
9.3  International-Level Economic Instruments
9.4  Assessment of Economic Instruments
9.5  Comparing Tradable Permit/Quota and Tax Systems

Appendices

A. Baseline Projections
B. IPCC Documents Used as Sources of Information
C. Acronyms and Abbreviations
D. Units
E. Glossary of Terms

List of IPCC outputs

IPCC Procedures for the Preparation, Review and Publication of its Technical Papers