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Addressing the Challenge of Global Climate Change 
    2003
Paula J. Dobriansky, Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs: "Therefore it is our intention to implement policies that will foster these technology-based solutions -- that is the way we will address the challenge of global climate change. Significantly, we also believe that climate change should not be pursued in isolation, but should be handled as an integral part of a broad strategic paradigm of sustainable development, which features a balanced mix of environmentally sound, pro-economic growth policies. At the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg and at the COP-8 meeting last year in New Delhi, we found strong and growing support for this position among developing countries." (64KB PDF file)
 
 
Alternative Fuels Data Center 
     
The Alternative Fuels Data Center calls itself a "one-stop shop for all your alternative fuel and vehicle information needs". The site has over 3,000 documents available online, an interactive fuel station mapping system, and listings of available alternative fuel vehicles. It is sponsored by the U.S. Dept. of Energy's, Office of Transportation Technologies.
 
 
American Hydrogen Association (AHA) 
     
The goal of the American Hydrogen Association (AHA) is to stimulate interest and help establish the renewable hydrogen energy economy by the year 2010. To achieve this goal, the AHA is working in cooperation with organizations such as the IAHE, NHA, NASA, environmental groups and industry, community, and schools to promote understanding of hydrogen technology, and help create a marketplace for pollution-free hydrogen energy.
 
 
Argonne National Laboratory Transportation Technology R&D Center 
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The Argonne National Laboratory is a research facility or the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), involved in developing advanced vehicle technologies. Their research programs concentrate on alternative fuels, batteries, engines and emissions control, fuel cells, hybrid vehicles, materials, modeling, and technology assessments. Argonne's technical papers and reports on transportation research are available online.
 
 
Carbon Cycle Science Program 
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The Carbon Cycle Science Program was established by the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) to provide critical unbiased scientific information on the fate of carbon dioxide in the environment to contribute to the ongoing public dialogue. The Program provides the scientific foundation for estimating the capacity of the land and the ocean to sequester and store the considerable quantities of carbon dioxide anticipated from human activities in the future. The website provides information about current research activities, funding opportunities, meetings & workshops and access to online publications.
 
 
Carbon Sequestration 
     
This is the main website for the Department of Energy's Carbon Sequestration program. This site provides links to DOE Carbon Sequestration Centers, reports, meetings, news, research opportunities, abstracts from current projects, and descriptions of the programs focus areas.
 
 
Carbon Sequestration - The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy 
     
This website provides an overview of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Carbon Sequestration Program . A summary of the program areas, links to the various sequestration centers and online DOE Carbon Sequestration project data sheets can be found on this site.
 
 
Carbon Sequestration Research & Development 
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This report identifies key areas for research and development that could lead to an understanding of the potential for future use of carbon sequestration as a major tool for managing carbon emissions. It is the effort of researchers from universities, industry, government agencies, and the Department of Energy's national laboratories.
 
 
Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology (CREST) 
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CREST publishes information about renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainability for the Internet. The GEM (Global Energy Marketplace) database contains records to websites with information on energy technology and policy.
 
 
Center for Transportation Technologies and Systems (CTTS) 
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The CTTS's mission is to reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil supplies, while improving air quality, by developing and demonstrating innovative technologies that allow alternative fuels and advanced vehicle systems to supply a significant portion of the nation's transportation needs.
 
 
Center of Excellence for Sustainable Development 
     
The U.S. Department of Energy provides a host of useful information to help one understand the concept of sustainable development. There are overview articles, slide shows, links to other sources of information, recommended books and videos, and educational materials and programs that can help communities in their sustainable development efforts.
 
 
Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies (CADDET) 
     
CADDET collects, analyses, and disseminates information on new energy-saving technologies that have been demonstrated in applications in industry, buildings, transport, utilities, and agriculture. To date, details on over 2,000 new technology applications have been published through CADDET Energy Efficiency products.
 
 
Changes in biologically active ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth's surface 
     
Stratospheric ozone levels are near their lowest point since measurements began, so current ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation levels are thought to be close to their maximum. Total stratospheric content of ozone-depleting substances is expected to reach a maximum before the year 2000. All other things being equal, the current ozone losses and related UV-B increases should be close to their maximum.
 
 
Clean Cities Program 
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The Clean Cities Program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, supports public-private partnerships that deploy alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and build supporting infrastructure. By encouraging AFV use, the Clean Cities Program helps enhance energy security and environmental quality at both the national and local levels. The site offers information on becoming a part of the Clean Cities program, alternative fuel vehicle information and funding programs.
 
 
Clean Development Mechanism: A Primer 
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A short article published by Resources for the Future (RFF) in Weathervane, an online forum for analysis and commentary on U.S. and global policy initiatives related to climate change.
 
 
Climate Change Mitigation Reports 
     
A list of recent technical publications on climate change mitigation from the Environmental Energy Technologies Division. They are all available online in pdf format.
 
 
Climate Change: A Welfare Economics Perspective 
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The site was produced as part of a project for the class "Climate Change Policy" given at the Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs. It offers an overview of the benefits and costs of climate change mitigation, with a discussion of the costs of emissions reductions and carbon sequestration and the various economic models used in such calculations.
 
 
Climate Change: Office of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State 
     
The site is produced and maintained by the U.S. Dept. of State, Office of International Information Programs and provides access to climate change information.
 
 
Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 - 29 Oct 03 
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Congressional debate regarding the Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 to provide for a program of scientific research on abrupt climate change, to accelerate the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States by establishing a market-driven system of greenhouse gas tradeable allowances that could be used interchangeably with passenger vehicle fuel economy standard credits, to limit greenhouse gas emissions in the United States and reduce dependence upon foreign oil, and ensure benefits to consumers from the trading in such allowances. (208KB PDF file)
 
 
Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 - 30 Oct 03 
    2003
Congressional debate regarding the Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 to provide for a program of scientific research on abrupt climate change, to accelerate the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States by establishing a market-driven system of greenhouse gas tradeable allowances that could be used interchangeably with passenger vehicle fuel economy standard credits, to limit greenhouse gas emissions in the United States and reduce dependence upon foreign oil, and ensure benefits to consumers from the trading in such allowances. (216KB PDF file)
 
 
Department of Transportation, Center for Climate Change & Environmental Forecasting: Strategic Plan for 2001-2005 
    2000
The Center is the focal point in the DOT of expertise on transportation and climate change. Through strategic research, policy analysis, partnerships and outreach, the Center creates comprehensive and multi-modal approaches to reduce transportation-related greenhouse gases and to mitigate the effects of global climate change on the transportation network.
 
 
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network (EREN) 
     
The EREN homepage serves as a portal to the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy efficiency and renewable energy information, with access to more than 600 links and 80,000 documents.
 
 
Environmental effects of ozone depletion: 1998 assessment (Executive Summary) 
    1998
Decreased quantities of total-column ozone are now observed over large parts of the globe, permitting increased penetration of solar UV-B radiation (280-315 nm) to the Earth's surface. The 1998 assessment deals with the possible consequences. The Atmospheric Science Panel predicts that the ozone layer will be in its most vulnerable state during the coming two decades. Some of the effects are expected to occur during most of the next century. Recent studies show that the effects of ozone depletion would have been dramatically worse without the protective measures taken under the Montreal Protocol.
 
 
EPA Global Change Research Program 
     
EPA's Global Change Research Program is an assessment-oriented program with primary emphasis on understanding the potential consequences of climate variability and change on human health, ecosystems, and socioeconomic systems in the United States. The website is designed to provide a portal through which scientists, resource managers, and the public can access information about the program and partners.
 
 
Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS) 
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no description available
 
 
Global Environment Facility (GEF) 
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The Global Environment Facility (GEF) provides grants and funding to recipient countries for projects and programs that protect the global environment and promote sustainable economic growth. Funded projects fall into four focal areas: biodiversity, climate change, international waters, and ozone. Land degradation, as it relates to the four focal areas, is also eligible for funding. Both the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity have designated the GEF as their funding mechanism on an interim basis. GEF projects and programs are managed through three implementing agencies: the UN Development Programme (UNDP), the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), and the World Bank. The GEF Secretariat, which is functionally independent from the three implementing agencies, reports to and services the Council and Assembly of the GEF.
 
 
Global Technology Strategy Project 
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The objective of the Global Technology Strategy Project (GTSP) is to identify global and regional technology portfolios that could minimize the cost of atmospheric stabilization through a public-private research collaboration. The project seeks to add a new dimension to our understanding--a long-term, international, energy technology strategy. The project is developing this strategic vision through a program of focused research. This research is illuminating of the global and regional interrelationships between Energy Technology, Economic Activity, and Climate Policy. The project utilizes the best current understanding of present and potential future technology and embeds that knowledge in an economic and policy context to examine the potential value to climate mitigation of alternative energy research and development portfolios and patterns of technology development.
 
 
Health Risks of Stratospheric Ozone Depletion 
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The health risks associated with ozone depletion will principally be those due to increased ultraviolet-B(UV-B) radiation in the environment, i. e., increased damage to the eyes, the immune system, and the skin. Some new risks may also be introduced with the increased use of alternatives to the ozone-depleting substances (ODSs).
 
 
IEA/ORAU Long-Term Global Energy - CO2 Model 
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Also known as the Edmonds-Reilly model, this model runs on an IBM PC and is available from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). The model has the capability to calculate both CO2 (carbon dioxide) and CH4 (methane) emission estimates by source and region. Population, labor productivity, end-use energy efficiency, income effects, price effects, resource base, technological change in energy production, environmental costs of energy production, market-penetration rate of energy-supply technology, solar and biomass energy costs, synfuel costs, and the number of forecast periods may be interactively inspected and altered producing a variety of global and regional CO2 and CH4 emission scenarios for 1975 through 2100.
 
 
IISD Linkages: A Multimedia Resource for Environment and Development Negotiations 
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The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Linkages website provides reporting services on international negotiations, conferences, workshops, symposia and regional meetings that concern sustainable development, climate and atmosphere and other topics concerning environment and development.
 
 
Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change 
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Part of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Biological and Environmental Sciences Research Program, the Integrated Assessment program integrates simplified representations of the entire global climate system, emphasizing greenhouse gas emissions and actions that would affect emissions. The results of this research provide a foundation for subsequent policy analysis or decision making. The estimated costs of certain actions can be weighed against predicted changes in impacts. The research program also helps the climate change research community better identify priority scientific topics. The website contains research abstracts, research opportunity notices, fellowship information and links to research topics.
 
 
International Energy Agency (IEA) - Environmental Issues 
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The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an autonomous agency linked with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and development (OECD). It is the energy forum for 26 member countries. They have become an authoritative source for energy statistics worldwide. They conduct analyses of actions to mitigate climate change, and energy and sustainable development. The website contains reports, papers, conference and workshop information, detailed information (descriptions, links, annual reports) concerning IEA Implementing Agreements, and energy statistics from member countries.
 
 
IPCC Special Report - Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer (Summary for Policymakers) 
blank   2000
The report addresses the technology transfer problem in the context of climate change while emphasizing the sustainable development perspective. (331KB PDF file)
 
 
IPCC Working Group III Third Assessment Report, Mitigation of Climate Change (Summary for Policymakers) 
blank   2001
This report assess the scientific, technical, environmental, economic, and social aspects of the mitigation of climate change. The full report is published by Cambridge University Press. (112Kb PDF file)
 
 
MIT Integrated Global System Model 
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The website describes MIT's Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), and links to online reports from the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, an organization for research, independent policy analysis, and public education in global environmental change. The IGSM model is designed for simulating the global environmental changes that may arise as a result of anthropogenic causes, the uncertainties associated with the projected changes, and the effect of proposed policies on such changes. The model includes an economic model for analysis of greenhouse and aerosol precursor gas emissions and mitigation proposals.
 
 
Model Visualization and Analysis Service (MVA) 
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The Model Visualization and Analysis Service (MVA) provides background information on the use of integrated assessment to examine the relationship between human activities and global climate change, descriptions of integrated assessment models (IAMs), and access to model-generated output.
 
 
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) 
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NETL is a long-standing participant in the development and demonstration of fossil fuel-based technologies that can be used to develop flexible, market-based protocols as low-cost solutions for achieving global reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Some of their on-site science and technology development activities include: Carbon Sequestration, Ultra Clean Fuels, Computational Energy Science (development of clean energy devices and plants), and Gas Energy Systems Dynamics (fuel cells).
 
 
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 
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NREL conducts research in about 50 areas of scientific investigation, including photovoltaics, wind energy, biomass-derived fuels and chemicals, energy-efficient buildings, advanced vehicles, solar manufacturing, industrial processes, solar thermal systems, hydrogen fuel cells, superconductivity, geothermal and waste-to-energy technologies. The website contains R&D program descriptions, data & information and a publications database and an entire section devoted to national and international applications, and technology transfer.
 
 
National Renewable Energy Laboratory Publications Database 
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The NREL Publications database includes references to 16,000 documents related to sustainable energy technologies that were written or edited by National Renewable Energy Laboratory staffers and subcontractors.
 
 
NOAA Office of Global Programs 
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The Office of Global Programs (OGP) leads the NOAA Climate and Global Change Program. NOAA has the primary responsibility within the Federal Government to routinely provide climate forecasts and products to the Nation. OGP assists in this capacity by sponsoring focused scientific research, within approximately eleven research elements, aimed at understanding climate variability and its predictability. Through studies in these areas, researchers coordinate activities that jointly contribute to improved predictions and assessments of climate variability over a continuum of timescales from season to season, year to year, and over the course of a decade and beyond.
 
 
OECD Environment - Sustainable Development 
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The OECD is an international organization that helps governments tackle the economic, social and governance challenges of a globalized economy. This site provides an overview of OECD work on transport and the environment. Project news and online documents such as reports, brochures and guidelines, can be found at this site.
 
 
Office of Science & Technology Policy (OSTP) 
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The Environment Division of the OSTP (which serves as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans, and programs of the federal Government) provides national leadership to ensure a sound scientific and technical foundation for environmental policies and programs, and coordinates Federal research and development strategies for environment and natural resource policies, in area's including global climate change research and renewable energy technology. Papers, Reports, Publications, selected Administration Statements, Speeches and Testimony, Media Releases, White House Publications and R&D Budget Documents are available in full text at this site.
 
 
Office of Transportation Technologies 
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The primary goal of the OTT is to "reduce the annual increase in the use of petroleum fuels by highway transportation vehicles to zero or less". The site was developed to be an educational tool and information center, describing the structure of OTT and explaining OTT's involvement in developing advanced vehicles. The Office of Transportation Technology focuses on reducing transportation petroleum use through energy efficiency and fuel substitution. The site contains vehicle and emissions analysis tools, vehicle purchasing tools, information on OTT technologies (vehicles, fuels, emissions), and links to lab partners.
 
 
Oslo Roundtable Conference on Sustainable Production and Consumption, Ministerial Session 
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A statement by Elizabeth Dowdeswell, Executive Director of the UNEP, at the Oslo Roundtable Conference on Sustainable Production and Consumption (8 Feb 1995).
 
 
Our Changing Planet - The FY 2002 US Global Change Research Program 
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An annual report by the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Committee on Environment and Natural Resources of the National Science and Technology Council. Our Changing Planet describes the US Global Change Research Program for FY 2002. Federal Agency activities and funding levels are presented. A printed copy of this publication can be obtained without charge by submitting a request to GCRIO (see contact information at bottom of page); or by using our on-line document request form.
 
 
Our Changing Planet FY 1998 - CENR and SGCR Membership 
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Membership lists, Committee on Environment and Natural Resources and Subcommittee on Global Change Research
 
 
Our Changing Planet Report 2002: U.S. Global Change Research Program Near Term Plans - Atmospheric Composition 
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The USGCRP budget includes $310 million in FY 2002 for research and observations related to improving understanding of ongoing changes in atmospheric composition. The atmosphere links the other components of the Earth system-including the oceans, land, terrestrial and marine biosphere, and the frozen regions. Because of these linkages, the atmosphere is a conduit of change. For example, natural events and human activities can change atmospheric composition in ways that alter the Earth's radiative (energy) balance. Associated responses involving the climate system and the stratospheric ozone layer influence the well-being of human and natural systems. Because the atmosphere is the 'fast mixer' in the Earth system, changes in the composition and chemistry of the atmosphere spread over very large areas very quickly. As a result, observations of changes in the atmosphere are among the very earliest harbingers of changes in the global environment. The very long atmospheric residence times of some chemical species cause changes in their concentrations to be virtually irreversible for decades, centuries, and millennia - thereby affecting all countries and populations, not just the emitters. The improving capability for modeling the composition of the global atmosphere as a whole is enabling quantification of the linkages between continental air quality and climate change, which were once considered separately and independently. Future research will build upon recent scientific accomplishments. In one of the extraordinary success stories of global change research, scientific understanding has led to measures that have reversed the decades-long growth in atmospheric concentrations of the substances responsible for depleting the stratospheric ozone layer.
 
 
Our Changing Planet: FY 2002 (additional information on figures/contact information) 
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Our Changing Planet: The FY 2002 Global Change Research Program is a report to Congress supplementing the President's FY 2002 budget, pursuant to the Global Change Research Act of 1990. The report describes the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP); summarizes scientific insights from global change research, discusses the six Research Program Elements and FY 2002 plans in each of these research areas; and includes an appendix that details the FY 2002 budget, including program components and program highlights for each of the departments and agencies that comprise the USGCRP. Achieving the goals of this program will require continued strong support for the scientific research needed to improve understanding of how human activities are affecting the global environment, and of how natural and human-induced global change is affecting society and ecosystems.
 
 
Our Changing Planet: FY 2002 (Appendix A) 
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The first table in this Appendix presents the FY 2001-FY 2002 USGCRP budget by Research Program Element, showing each department or agency's budgetary contribution to each element. The budget pages for individual participating agencies that follow include a listing of programs designated for inclusion in the USGCRP, as well as a general description of each agency's 'Areas of Global Change Research.' For each agency, a 'FY 2002 Program Highlights' section outlines briefly some of the key USGCRPrelated activities proposed for the coming year. In addition, the agencies conduct a broad range of 'Related Research,' as indicated, funding for which is not included as part of the USGCRP budget because the research is conducted primarily for other purposes.
 
 
Our Changing Planet: FY 2002 (climate variability and change) 
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The USGCRP budget includes $486 million in FY 2002 for research and observations related to understanding climate variability and change. The Earth's prevailing climate is a fundamental element in the well-being of societies and natural systems. Climate strongly affects the viability of agriculture, the distribution and productivity of forests and rangelands, the diversity of flora and fauna, the availability of water, the spread of insects and rodents that carry human disease organisms, the intensity and frequency of floods and severe weather events, and much more. The essential scientific questions about climate system behavior range across all timescales, from seasons and years to decades, centuries, and millennia.
 
 
Our Changing Planet: FY 2002 (ecosystems/human dimensions/international) 
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The USGCRP budget includes $199 million in FY 2002 for research and observations related to understanding changes in managed and unmanaged ecosystems. The USGCRP budget includes $107 million in FY 2002 for the study of the human dimensions of global change. The USGCRP contributes to and benefits from international research efforts to improve understanding of global change on both the regional and global scales.
 
Our Changing Planet: FY 2002 (front cover) 
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Our Changing Planet: The FY 2002 US Global Change Research Program is a report to Congress supplementing the President's FY 2002 budget, pursuant to the Global Change Research Act of 1990. The report describes the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP); summarizes scientific insights from global change research, discusses the six Research Program Elements and FY 2002 plans in each of these research areas; and includes an appendix that details the FY 2002 budget, including program components and program highlights for each of the departments and agencies that comprise the USGCRP. Achieving the goals of this program will require continued strong support for the scientific research needed to improve understanding of how human activities are affecting the global environment, and of how natural and human-induced global change is affecting society and ecosystems.
 
 
Our Changing Planet: FY 2002 (Section 1) 
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Our Changing Planet: FY 2002 (Section 2) 
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Our Changing Planet: The Fiscal Year 2003 U.S. Global Change Research Program and Climate Change Research Initiative 
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A report by the Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research as a supplement to the President's FY 2003 budget. (1.7MB PDF file)
 
 
Our Changing Planet: The FY 2002 US Global Change Research Program 
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Our Changing Planet: The FY 2002 Global Change Research Program is a report to Congress supplementing the President's FY 2002 budget, pursuant to the Global Change Research Act of 1990. The report describes the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP); summarizes scientific insights from global change research, discusses the six Research Program Elements and FY 2002 plans in each of these research areas; and includes an appendix that details the FY 2002 budget, including program components and program highlights for each of the departments and agencies that comprise the USGCRP. Achieving the goals of this program will require continued strong support for the scientific research needed to improve understanding of how human activities are affecting the global environment, and of how natural and human-induced global change is affecting society and ecosystems.
 
 
Pew Center on Global Climate Change 
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The Pew Center on Global Climate Change is a non-profit, non-partisan and independent organization dedicated to providing credible information, straight answers and innovative solutions in the effort to address global climate change.
 
 
Public Power Institute (PPI) 
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The Public Power Institute (PPI) uses the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the nation's largest producer of electricity, as a living laboratory to showcase new technologies that TVA can use to balance environmental and energy objectives, and to provide technical and scientific input on government regulations and public policies. Their research and development activities include: carbon sequestration technologies, fuel cell technology, wind power and solar energy.
 
 
Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) 
     
This database contains data from both intervention and non-intervention scenarios of future emissions of greenhouse gases, supporting the activities of the IPCC Special Report on Emission Scenario (SRES). The goal of the SRES was to provide a basis for analysis of potential future climatic changes and associated impacts as well as a reference for socio-economic analysis of long-term mitigation options. Several of the scenarios are the results of an integrated assessment (IA) model - they take into consideration the interactions between energy, economy, and land use changes.
 
 
Statement of David W. Conover Before House Science Committee 
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As part of the President's National Climate Change Technology Initiative, launched on June 11, 2001, the President directed the Secretary of Energy, in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, to lead a multi-agency review of the Federal R&D portfolio and make recommendations. The Climate Change Technology Program (CCTP) was established in 2002 to implement the President's Initiative. The CCTP is a multi-agency research and development (R&D) coordination activity, organized under the auspices of the Cabinet-level Committee on Climate Change Science and Technology Integration (CCCSTI). Participating Federal agencies include the Departments of Energy, Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Health and Human Services, Interior, State, and Transportation, as well as the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the National Science Foundation. (56KB PDF file)
 
 
Summary of the Ninth Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 
    2003
The ninth Conference of the Parties (COP-9) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the nineteenth sessions of the COP's Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) were held at the Fiera Milan Congress Center in Milan, Italy, from 1-12 December 2003. (388KB PDF file)
 
 
Technologies, Polices, and Measures for Mitigation Climate Change - IPCC Technical Paper I 
blank   1996
This Technical Paper provides an overview and analysis of technologies and measures to limit and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to enhance GHG sinks under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC). The paper focuses on technologies and measures for the countries listed in Annex I of the FCCC, while noting information as appropriate for use by non- Annex I countries. Technologies and measures are examined over three time periods -- with a focus on the short term (present to 2010) and the medium term (2010-2020), but also including a discussion of longer-term (e.g., 2050) possibilities and opportunities.
 
 
Transportation Energy and Policy Analysis 
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The Transportation Energy Policy Analysis group, a part of the Berkeley Lab's Energy Analysis Department, analyzes how the combination of vehicle technology, land-use patterns, and driving behavior affect energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector.
 
 
U.S. Emissions Inventory - 2002 
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Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2000. Central to any study of climate change is the development of an emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenic sources and sinks of greenhouse gases. This current inventory adheres to both (1) a comprehensive and detailed methodology for estimating sources and sinks of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, and (2) a common and consistent mechanism that enables signatory countries to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to compare the relative contribution of different emission sources and greenhouse gases to climate change. Moreover, systematically and consistently estimating national and international emissions is a prerequisite for accounting for reductions and evaluating mitigation strategies.
 
 
U.S. Pursuing Clean Coal Projects with Other Countries 
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U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham says the United States is moving ahead in an unprecedented international effort to make clean energy the cornerstone of economic growth, improved health and closer ties among nations. (47KB PDF file)
 
 
United Nations Sustainable Development, Agenda 21 Issues 
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A review and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21, the comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations system, governments, and major groups in every area in which humans impact the environment.
 
 
USAID: Environment Home 
     
USAID's (U.S. Agency for International Development) environment programs focus on long-standing global environmental challenges, such climate change, biodiversity conservation, sustainable development, clean energy development and sustainable natural resource management.
 
 
UV-B Effects on Aquatic Ecosystems 
     
Regarding the effects of UV- B radiation on aquatic ecosystems, recent scientific and public interest has focused on marine primary producers and on the aquatic web, which has resulted in a multitude of studies indicating mostly detrimental effects of UV- B radiation on aquatic organisms. The interest has expanded to include ecologically significant groups and major biomass producers using mesocosm studies, emphasizing species interactions. This paper assesses the effects of UV- B radiation on dissolved organic matter, decomposers, primary and secondary producers, and briefly summarizes recent studies in freshwater and marine systems.
 
 
Weathervane: Resources for the Future's Digital Forum on Global Climate Change Policy or A Digital Forum on Global Climate Policy 
     
Weathervane, an online forum presented by Resources for the Future (RFF), is designed to provide the news media, legislators, opinion leaders, and the interested public with analysis and commentary on U.S. and global policy initiative related to climate change. It focuses is on the international negotiations that are to decide on goals and actions under the Framework Convention on Climate Change. Weathervane complements RFF's Climate Economics and Policy Program, which conducts research into climate change policy. The site contains numerous papers and discussions addressing climate policy and the economics of various mitigation policies and technologies, such as carbon and emissions trading and clean development mechanism.
 
 

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