Appendix A. The Proposed USGCRP Budget For FY98

The proposed FY98 USGCRP budget totals $1.878 billion. After adjusting so that comparable programs are included in the compilation (see discussion below), the FY98 request is an increase of $68 million (3.8%) from the estimated FY97 budget.

As outlined in this edition and in the FY97 edition of Our Changing Planet, the USGCRP budget supports scientific research on key global change environmental issues, including seasonal to interannual climate variability; climate change over decades to centuries; changes in ozone, UV radiation, and atmospheric chemistry; and changes in land cover and in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

The USGCRP budget supports global change research integrating activities, including observing and monitoring global change; global change data, products, and information services; research on Earth system science and on human contributions and responses to global change; international research cooperation; and global change education and communication.

The figures and tables in Appendix A provide the following:

For comparison with USGCRP budgets in years prior to FY98, two changes in the presentation of the USGCRP budget by agency should be noted:

  1. The FY98 USGCRP budget request of $1.878 billion in this edition of Our Changing Planet  is identical to that identified for global change research in the President's FY98 Budget. This differs somewhat from the USGCRP budget presented in previous editions in which there typically were some differences (explained in each edition) with the numbers presented in the President's Budget for the same year.

    In general, the changes in this edition involve reclassifying as part of the USGCRP certain programs and activities in some agencies that were not previously included in the USGCRP budget as presented in Our Changing Planet.

    The FY96 and FY97 budget figures in this edition of Our Changing Planet  have been adjusted so that comparable programs are included throughout the compilation presented here for FY96, FY97, and FY98. The result is to make the USGCRP budget totals for FY96 and FY97 somewhat higher than those presented in previous editions.

  2. In this edition of Our Changing Planet, the USGCRP budget is presented in two broad components: Scientific Research, and Space- Based Observation Programs. This change is intended to make clearer the portion of the USGCRP budget that supports scientific research by individual investigators and small groups, as compared with the portion that supports NASA's Mission to Planet Earth program components relating directly to space missions—particularly the Earth Observing System series of satellites and data information systems, which provide data in support of the research activities.

    Of the total USGCRP FY98 budget request, 61% supports Space-Based Observation Programs while 39% supports Scientific Research. The FY98 request for $1.153 billion for Space-Based Observation Programs is a 2.8% increase from the FY97 budget; the $725 million request for Scientific research is a 5.4% increase from FY97.

Agency FY96 FY97 FY98
Request
Scientific Researcha
Department of Agriculture (USDA) 52 57 61
Department of Commerce (DOC/NOAA, DOC/NIST) 58 60 62
Department of Energy (DOE) 113 112 110
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) 4 4 4
Department of the Interior (DOI) 29 29 29
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 22 14 21
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 271 240 264
National Science Foundation (NSF) 163 164 166
Smithsonian Institution (SI) 7 7 7
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) 1 1 1
Scientific Research Subtotal 720 688 725
Space-Based Observation Programs
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)b 1090 1122 1153
U.S. Global Change Research Program Totalc  1810 1810 1878
a
The Department of Defense (DOD), as part of its defense mission, supports research that is nevertheless relevant to the global change research activities of the civilian agencies. In past years, this has been reflected in the budget tables published in Our Changing Planet. The DOD budget for defense related research that nevertheless contributes to USGCRP activities follows: $6M (FY96), $9.8M (FY97), and $5.7M (FY98 request).
b
The NASA budget totals in this line include funding for all Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE) program components relating directly to space missions. In addition to these activities, a few additional programs that have not been included in the USGCRP budget as published in the FY97 and earlier editions of Our Changing Planet  are now considered by NASA as supporting global change research. These budget items include Launch Services and the transfer of related Technology Applications Research from NASA's Office of Space Access and Technology into MTPE.
c
The USGCRP budget totals for FY96, FY97, and the FY98 request reported here include NASA MTPE budget components that were not included in the USGCRP budget as published in FY97 and earlier editions of Our Changing Planet (discussed in previous note). As a result, the USGCRP budget for these years in this table appears correspondingly higher.

Budget Function Budget
Funtion #
FY96 FY97 FY98
Request
General Science, Space, and Technology
250
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
1361 1362 1417
National Science Foundation (NSF)
163 164 166
Energy
270
Department of Energy (DOE)
113 112 110
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
1 1 1
Natural Resources and Environment
300
Department of Agriculture (USDA/FS and NRCS)
16 20 22
Department of Commerce (DOC/NOAA and NIST)
58 60 62
Department of the Interior (DOI)
29 29 29
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
22 14 21
Agriculture
350
Department of Agriculture (USDA/ARS, ERS, and CSREES)
36 37 40
Smithsonian Institution
503
Smithsonian Institution (SI)
7 7 7
Health
550
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
4 4 4
Total 1810 1810 1878


Go To: Appendix B: FY96- FY98 USGCRP Budget By Agency And Program
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